Posts tagged with "STUDY"

Kaelen Felix Illustrates a Farm Animal Article for 360 MAGAZINE

Faunalytics x Farm Sanctuary

A new study from Faunalytics suggests that people who interact with farm animals at sanctuaries are more likely to consume fewer animal products.

Farm Sanctuary, America’s premier farm animal sanctuary and advocacy organization, joined Faunalytics to release the study, which showed that 70% of non-vegans who went on a tour through Farm Sanctuary said they would make dietary changes to reduce consumption of animal products. Comparatively, only 53% said they would change their diets prior to taking the tour.

You can see the study by clicking right here.

Farm Sanctuary followed up with participants in the survey two months later, and non-vegans reported eating less chicken, turkey, beef, pork, fish, shellfish, eggs and dairy, with many correspondents crediting the tour for that change.

Tourists didn’t only make active lifestyle changes. They also changed opinions. While 52% of participants said humans contribute to farm animal suffering before the tour, that number went up to 69% after the tour.

78% of omnivores said they were willing to cook vegetarian or vegan meals, which is up 12% from the 66% who were willing before the tour. 48% also said they were willing to discuss veganism and vegetarianism with others, but 73% said they’d had conversations with others about the subject at the time of the two month check-in.

The study took place at Farm Sanctuary locations in New York and California with over 1,200 subjects, and Farm Sanctuary hopes to continue progress by showing that tours can be both fun and effective.

Tom Beggs, a Faunalytics research scientist and the lead author of the study, said the public is becoming more aware of the way animals are treated in the food system, and a global shift is happening.

“The results from our study confirm something that most farm animal sanctuaries are already aware of: having meaningful interactions with farmed animals encourages people to empathize with them, and more importantly, to consider them as sentient individuals and not food,” Beggs said.

The study also shows that it’s important to find a balance between light-hearted and educational when sending a message about animal cruelty. The best way to spread the word is to make it easy to take immediate action by doing things like providing recipes, selling plant-based ingredients and foods and offering opportunities to get more involved in the cause.

Megan Watkins, CEO of Farm Sanctuary, said industrial agriculture is a major threat to our current world.

“The critical role that farm sanctuaries play in modeling a compassionate relationship with animals and inspiring positive lifestyle change cannot be overstated,” Watkins said. “Whether you visit in-person or virtually, the best way to glimpse the future is to visit a farm sanctuary.”

Faunalytics’ recent Animal Product Impact Scales list revealed the products causing the most suffering to animals in the United States. You can see that list by clicking right here

To learn more about Faunlytics, you can click right here, and to learn more about Farm Sanctuary, you can click right here.

Violence Spikes in Major Cities

By Eamonn Burke

Last month, 65 people were shot in New York City and 87 in Chicago over the course of the 4th of July weekend. Six children were killed that weekend as well. The holiday may have been a peak in homicides, but numbers of shootings and deaths have been trending upward as the nation handles a pandemic and a historic recession. The amount of shootings in NYC from January to July exceeded the total for the entire year of 2019. Other major cities are experiencing high rates of gun violence as well, such as Philadelphia, where more than 240 people have been killed this year and which now has the 2nd highest homicide rate in the nation. Chicago saw a violent July, with 584 shootings and 105 deaths. Even smaller cities like Pheonix and Omaha are seeing rises.

As a whole, homicides are up 24% in the nation since last year. Data shows homicides and shootings trending upward sharply since late May in major cities across the US. However, as a national study shows, gun violence was creeping upward even before the pandemic began.

President Trump blames the rise in violent crime to “radical” Democratic politicians , such as Major Bill DeBlasio, despite signs that this is a bipartisan issue. DeBlasio himself blames the shootings on the virus, among other factors such as the BLM protests and faults in the criminal justice system that have recently been exposed. The Council on Criminal Justice also concluded that the virus is the root issue, and that it must be stopped first in order to reduce homicides. A chart of homicides in Chicago does in fact show a major spike after the beginning of the protests, and the BLM protests in 2014 and 2015 had a similar effect on gun violence. However, further analysis of police data instead points to a decrease in gun-related arrests as a potential cause, as well as the increase in gun purchases in recent months.

Police say that many of these crimes are gang related, and a shortage of staff due to the virus have made it harder to crack down on crime. DeBlasio was adamant about getting back on top of the gun crisis through the courts: “Our courts not only need to reopen, they need to reopen as fully and as quickly as possible.” Chief administrative judge Lawrence Marks fired back, saying the blame of courts was “false, misleading and irresponsible.”

A strange finding amongst this gun crisis is that rates of other crimes such as burglaries have not followed the same trend, and have even decreased in some cases. As this is extremely odd, it’s possible that it’s a matter of what is getting reported given the complications of COVID-19 and the BLM protests on policing.

Jean Button illustrated by Mina Tocalini for 360 MAGAZINE.

Covid-19 on Clothes

By Eamonn Burke

As a relatively new virus, new information is coming out about Covid-19 every day. While much is known, such as the fact that it spreads through air and is most dangerous to the elderly, there is much that remains unknown.

One of these unanswered questions is that if clothing: can the coronavirus survive on clothing? What we do know from evidence is that the virus can in fact live on other surfaces like plastic and steel for up to nine days. There is no evidence, however, that answers the question about clothes.

What we do know is that viruses similar to Covid – MERS, SARS – do not survive on clothes, as they are porous surfaces that can trap the virus and dry it out. A study from Johns Hopkins Medicine corroborates this, finding the probability of the virus being transferred through clothing is low. However, another study did find that the virus can live on shoes.

While the most important protective measures against COVID-19 remain social distancing and wearing masks, the CDC still recommends to air on the side of caution and wash clothes, specifically on the warmest setting to dry them out. The findings also pose issue for companies who need to handle clothing returns. Many large companies like Macy’s and Gap have amended their return policies to consider this, but it is also important for small businesses to do the same.

Research Finds Exercise Prevents Vision Loss

Exercise can slow or prevent the development of macular degeneration and may benefit other common causes of vision loss, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy, new research suggests.

A study from the University of Virginia School of Medicine found that exercise reduced the harmful overgrowth of blood vessels in the eyes of lab mice by up to 45%. This tangle of blood vessels is a key contributor to macular degeneration and several other eye diseases.

The study represents the first experimental evidence showing that exercise can reduce the severity of macular degeneration, a leading cause of vision loss, the scientists report. Ten million Americans are estimated to have the condition.

“There has long been a question about whether maintaining a healthy lifestyle can delay or prevent the development of macular degeneration. The way that question has historically been answered has been by taking surveys of people, asking them what they are eating and how much exercise they are performing,” said researcher Bradley Gelfand, PhD, of UVA’s Center for Advanced Vision Science. “That is basically the most sophisticated study that has been done. The problem with that is that people are notoriously bad self-reporters … and that can lead to conclusions that may or not be true. This [study] offers hard evidence from the lab for very first time.”

The Benefits of Exercise

Enticingly, the research found that the bar for receiving the benefits from exercise was relatively low – more exercise didn’t mean more benefit. “Mice are kind of like people in that they will do a spectrum of exercise. As long as they had a wheel and ran on it, there was a benefit,” Gelfand said. “The benefit that they obtained is saturated at low levels of exercise.”

An initial test comparing mice that voluntarily exercised versus those that did not found that exercise reduced the blood vessel overgrowth by 45%. A second test, to confirm the findings, found a reduction of 32%.

The scientists aren’t certain exactly how exercise is preventing the blood vessel overgrowth. There could be a variety of factors at play, they say, including increased blood flow to the eyes.

Gelfand, of UVA’s Department of Ophthalmology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, noted that the onset of vision loss is often associated with a decrease in exercise. “It is fairly well known that as people’s eyes and vision deteriorate, their tendency to engage in physical activity also goes down,” he said. “It can be a challenging thing to study in older people. … How much of that is one causing the other?”

The researchers already have submitted grant proposals in hopes of obtaining funding to pursue their findings further.

“The next step is to look at how and why this happens, and to see if we can develop a pill or method that will give you the benefits of exercise without having to exercise,” Gelfand said. “We’re talking about a fairly elderly population [of people with macular degeneration], many of whom may not be capable of conducting the type of exercise regimen that may be required to see some kind of benefit.” (He urged people to consult their doctors before beginning any
aggressive exercise program.)

Gelfand, a self-described couch potato, disclosed a secret motivation for the research: “One reason I wanted to do this study was sort of selfish. I was hoping to find some reason not to exercise,” he joked. “It turned out exercise really is good for you.”

Findings Published

The researchers have published their findings in the scientific journal IOVS. The research team consisted of Ryan D. Makin, Dionne Argyle, Shuichiro Hirahara, Yosuke Nagasaka, Mei Zhang, Zhen Yan, Nagaraj Kerur, Jayakrishna Ambati and Gelfand, who holds appointments in both UVA’s School of Medicine and School of Engineering. Ambati is a founder of iVeena Holdings, iVeena Delivery Systems and Inflammasome Therapeutics and has provided consulting services to Allergan, Immunovant, Olix Pharmaceuticals, Retinal Solutions and Saksin LifeSciences unrelated to the findings. Ambati, Gelfand and Kerur are named as inventors on macular degeneration patent applications filed by UVA and the University of Kentucky.

The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health, grants R01EY028027, DP1GM114862, R01EY022238, R01EY024068, R01EY028027, K99EY024336, R00EY024336, R01AI14874, R21EY030651, T32 HL007284, 5T32 GM008715 and R01GM114840; the American Heart Association, grant 13SDG16770008; the John Templeton Foundation, grant 60763; and the Beckman Initiative for Macular Research.

To keep up with the latest medical research news from UVA, subscribe to the Making of Medicine blog here.

Rita Azar, illustrations, travel, 360 MAGAZINE

4 Travel Goals You Need to Check Off in 2020

2020 has been a tough year so far. With lockdowns, isolation and social distancing, it has been difficult to really live life to its fullest. 

If you are feeling a bit itchy to get out, know that you are not alone. In fact, research shows that 72% of Americans are already booking their trips now for when restrictions are lifted, with 35% of those willing to head out during the summer. 

Has 2020 become the year for people to finally start ticking off their travel bucket list items? It sure seems so! With this in mind, we thought we would take a look at some of the most popular and most memorable experiences you can do this year, and most of them will not involve huge crowds of people. 

RV Through the US

This particular trip tops the list of almost everyone who has a serious drive for adventure and travel. The beauty of RVing through the US is that you can choose the length of your trip, as well as decide which route you want to take. 

Whether it would be taking in the majestic Rocky Mountains and stopping in at museums, diners, and, of course, Yellowstone, or a trip through the south to revel in some music, food, and incredible scenery through Florida, New Orleans and of course, Texas, you definitely won’t regret it. 

There are endless possibilities that will lead you on totally different adventures, through vastly different scenery. 

RVing is something that you will need to prepare for thoroughly because you can never know what might happen and whether you’ll have the right resources at the time being to fix it. This is easily avoidable if you just have everything at the ready so you can enjoy your trip to the max. One of the more important things to consider is to make sure you have enough fresh water and a good RV water softener solution that will tie you over in even the most desolate areas. Remember that water should always be your top priority,  Make sure you also plan your trips in detail before heading out so that you are not caught in the middle of nowhere without supplies and emergency services. 

Explore the Wonders of Cape Town

Although Cape Town has been listed as one of the top beauty spots to visit globally by various sites, it is still one of the most chronically underrated spots to visit in the world. What makes Cape Town so special you ask? Well, it has almost everything you want out of a trip. This South African city, perched at the tip of Africa, has a uniquely international feel to it, and for the most part, you will forget that you are in fact, in Africa. 

Besides boasting one of the seven wonders of the world, Table Mountain, the city has long stretches of white beaches, a bustling city life; bursting with art and culture, and sunsets that will make you want to live there forever. 

Not even an hour out of Cape Town, you will find the sprawling Winelands, tucked into spectacular mountain ranges with some of the best wine in the world. Might we add that the food in South Africa is something not to be missed, from the fresh seafood to the world-famous braais, you will be in for a treat. 

The city is steeped in history, and even if you are after a safari experience, you can also find this within a short drive out of the city. If you are a foodie, a wine snob, a coffee connoisseur, or an art fanatic, this city has it all!

Trek Through Peru 

This is certainly not for the faint-hearted nor the chronically unfit. But, if a spiritual journey and soul-freeing trip is what you are looking for after months of cabin fever, this is for you. There are a plethora of trails and treks to choose from in this tourist popular region, each with its different levels of difficulty and challenges. 

One of the most popular trails, the Inca trail is an iconic four-day hiking trail which leads you through the steep high mountains, from km. 82 all the way to the majestic Machu Picchu. You will follow the route taken by the original Incas to the historic World Heritage Site. 

What do you need to be prepared for? Because of the height of the mountains that you will be hiking, you are most likely to suffer from altitude sickness, insects, dehydration, and of course, the blisters, injuries, and pain that comes from trekking through deserted mountainsides. But, it is totally worth it once you cross the last mountain and come face to face with Machu Picchu. 

Take it Easy in Thailand

If this all sounds like too much effort, and what you feel like right now is just lying back on a warm beach, drinking cocktails, Asia should be your next destination. 

Not only is Thailand incredibly affordable, but it offers visitors endless adventures and activities. The beauty of the islands is indescribable, with long, white beaches, still blue waters and dotted palm trees to really get you in the holiday spirit. 

The food is incredible, the people are warm, friendly, and accommodating, and the weather is hot and humid at all times. 

You can choose to island-hop to the various idyllic islands spotted around the crystal blue waters, including the iconic island that featured in the movie, The Beach. There are a number of other islands to visit, including Ko Samui, Ko Pha Ngan, and Ko Phi Phi Don. 

Alternatively, you can head up into the jungle and trek up through the mountains on an elephant adventure, or on foot to explore the rivers and waterfalls on this amazing island. 

Wrapping Up 

From world-class beaches to bustling cities, there are endless options for you to choose from. A desert adventure in Morocco could be down your alley, or a Northern Lights display on the tip of the Arctic. Whether you are a foodie or looking to take in some good live music and dance the night away, choose something that suits your unique personality and that will create memories that will last a lifetime. If it is unwinding in the sun after this stressful time, or feeling alive in the crisp mountain air, you know what your soul needs to ensure that 2020 is a year to be remembered. 

Covid and health illustration

Lockdowns Ending

“We’re all in this together” is a commonly heard phrase during this global pandemic, as much of the world practices social distancing. And now researchers at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions have shown that there is some scientific validity to this assertion.

In a study published today in Nature Human Behaviour, Chinese, European, American and British researchers demonstrate that the number of countries implementing COVID-19 lockdown measures – and the duration of those efforts – have a greater influence on the gross domestic products of nations than the severity of the restrictions.

They also found that easing containment edicts gradually leads to smaller economic losses than lifting them swiftly and then having to reintroduce closures.

Another key finding in the study is that smaller, poorer and less economically diverse countries – even those hit not as hard by the public health aspects of the pandemic – will bear a relatively larger brunt from economic damage caused by COVID-19.

“Because the economies of many developing countries are less immune to disruptions in the global supply chain, they are more severely impacted by the effectiveness – or ineffectiveness – of wealthier nations’ coronavirus countermeasures,” said co-author Steve Davis, UCI associate professor of Earth system science. “Countries not directly affected by COVID-19 could experience losses of more than 20 percent of gross domestic product due to declines in consumer demand and supply chain stoppages.”

Examples given in the paper for such economic impacts include Caribbean counties that rely on tourism and central Asian nations that count on energy exports. For instance, if global economies open and are later required to go back on lockdown, New Zealand’s food services sector and Jamaica’s hospitality industry could suffer losses of up to 90 percent. The researchers used a “disaster footprint” economic model to assess potential global supply chain effects of COVID-19 lockdowns, analyzing the impact of restrictions on 140 countries, including countries not directly affected by COVID-19.

They estimated that gradually easing lockdown measures over 12 months would lead to an economic cost at 40 percent of global gross domestic product, while lifting restrictions more quickly, over two months, and then introducing a second round of lockdowns in January next year would increase the cost to 60 percent.

“Pandemic economy management in one country is a public good that benefits other nations,” Davis said. “Our work clearly shows that a gradual approach to easing lockdowns is economically preferable to a swift return to pre-pandemic activities followed by another round of global lockdowns.”

Davis’ collaborator on the project, Dabo Guan of the department of Earth system science at Tsinghua University and the Bartlett School of Construction and Project Management at University College London, said: “Companies will survive the supply chain failures that lockdowns cause by relying on reserves of stock or finding new suppliers. If a second shock hits, reserves may be low and supply chains only recently repaired – making a new break much more costly.”

This project, which was funded by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China, included researchers from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; University College London; Shanghai University of Finance and Economics; Shandong University, China; the Chinese Academy of Science; University of Edinburgh; Spark Ventures, London; and the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

About the University of California, Irvine

Founded in 1965, UCI is the youngest member of the prestigious Association of American Universities. The campus has produced three Nobel laureates and is known for its academic achievement, premier research, innovation and anteater mascot. Led by Chancellor Howard Gillman, UCI has more than 36,000 students and offers 222 degree programs. It’s located in one of the world’s safest and most economically vibrant communities and is Orange County’s second-largest employer, contributing $5 billion annually to the local economy.

Sharing Housework in Quarantine

A multi-university research team, including Richard Petts, a Bell State University sociology professor, has updated a brief on how parents are sharing household chores during the pandemic.

“Men and Women Agree: During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Men Are Doing More at Home” found that prior to the start of the pandemic, 26 percent of parents reported sharing routine housework relatively equally with their partner, 41 percent reported sharing care for young children relatively equally (although physical childcare and the mental load of organizing children’s lives were by and large mothers’ responsibilities), and 42 percent reported sharing care of older children.

A little more than a month after the start of the pandemic, 41 percent of parents reported sharing housework with their partners- a significant 58 percent increase- while the percentage of partnered parents reporting equal sharing care of young and older children also increased significantly, to 52 percent and 56 percent respectively, the study found.

The proportion sharing in the care of young and older children grew by 27 and 24 percent respectively, driven by increases in equal sharing of physical care, monitoring, reading, and organizing children’s activities. 

“Nonetheless, just the experience of having heightened responsibilities for housework and childcare during this time bodes well for men’s continued involvement in housework and childcare,” researchers said, “As research on paternity leave demonstrates, men who take leave, especially extended leave (i.e. two months), continue their involvement in housework and childcare over the long-term- even after returning to work. The longer the pandemic lasts, the more hardships most of us will experience. But, perhaps, in the aftermath, the patterns of domestic involvement men are establishing now will become a new normal.” 

Petts coauthored the study with researchers Daniel L. Carlson from the University of Utah and Joanna R. Pepin from the University of Texas at Austin.

In late April, Petts and the research team surveyed 1,060 U.S. parents residing with a partner of the opposite sex to examine how divisions of housework and child care may have changed since March 11, when the World Health Organization (WHO) classified COVID-19 as a pandemic.

Researchers analyzed changes in routine housework, care of children under age 6, and care of children ages 6 to 17. Routine housework includes cooking meals, doing dishes, house cleaning, laundry, and grocery shopping.

You can read the brief at https://contemporaryfamilies.org/covid-couples-division-of-labor/.

You can read the brief at https://contemporaryfamilies.org/covid-couples-division-of-labor/.

Vaughn Lowery, 360 MAGAZINE, business, illustration, sara sandman

Sell Your Study Notes and Make Money Online

By Cathy Carter

Putting together good notes in class is a crucial factor that can be a determinant of your success in school, according to The Learning Center. However, taking notes might be too difficult sometimes, which could discourage you not to make them. What if you had an added motivation in making notes, such as earning money?

If you are a student looking for inspiration to take study notes diligently, this useful article will discuss how you can sell your study notes through websites like Thinkswap and make money online.

How Does Notes Selling Work?

College or University is quite tricky if you lack the necessary study resources so you could pass your subjects. This is why students look for websites such as Thinkswap for study resources that they still lack.

The demand for subject notes has dramatically increased over the years, and the internet paved the way for supplying that demand. Your role is to upload your subject notes so that other students can buy them. In this way, you are helping a fellow student and making money in the process—this is how notes selling works.

What Type of Notes Can I Sell?

The notes that you can sell include your subject notes, lecture notes, and even study guides. You upload and sell the notes that you have taken while completing the different subjects in school. The most significant thing is that your notes should cover all the given topics under a particular subject.

How Much Can I Earn?

The amount you can earn depends on the number of downloads your subject notes get. This means the more students that use your study notes, the more money you make. The amount that is paid to you is called “royalty fees.”

Every time a document you uploaded is sold, a commission is deducted by the website where you uploaded your notes, and the remaining amount becomes yours rightfully.

Details of profit-sharing are essential because there are websites that charge commissions of more than 50%. This is unethical since you have intellectual rights over your subject notes since you made them. It would be best that you choose to upload your subject notes on websites that charge lesser commissions, sites like Thinkswap that pay up to 65% royalty fees.

How Can I Make More Money?

The best way for you to make more money by selling notes online is to create high-quality subject notes because these types of notes become in-demand.

According to The Learning Center, you can improve your note-taking by jotting down keywords, focusing on the main points of the lecture, and making organized or structured notes, so they are easy to read. In doing this, you are making your study notes concise and brief, which makes it more appealing to student readers.

Things to Consider Before Uploading Documents

Not all note-sharing websites are created equal because there are websites on the internet that take advantage of students who upload their notes by charging massive commissions or even worse, sites that do not pay.

It would be best that you only upload your subject notes in trusted and reliable note-sharing websites, so you rest assured that you will be treated fairly.

Selling your subject notes online is a wonderful way for you to get rewards for the hard work that you do while in school. Not only will you feel great because of the monetary gains, but also by helping your fellow students learn and pass their subjects.

Vaughn Lowery, Alejandra Villagra, illustration, 360 MAGAZINE

10 of our Favorite Business Credit Card Options in 2020

A good business credit card is an invaluable tool for a business owner. But with so many options on the market, you might find yourself completely overwhelmed in deciding which card could possibly serve all your specific needs. After all, every year brings a new potential crop of products out there vying for your business.

That’s why we’re here to present a detailed rundown of the 2020 best business credit cards. Before you make any decisions regarding which is the best fit for your company, be sure to consult with your executive team as well as the banks in question. With that disclaimer out of the way, here are 10 of the best business credit cards out there.

American Express Blue Business Cash Card

Cardholders of this American Express product will earn 2 percent cash back on up to $50,000 of all eligible purchases per calendar year. The Blue Business Cash Card also carries “Expanded Buying Power,” allowing you to strategically go over your credit limit.

That amount actually adjusts with your card use, transaction history and financial records. Plus, you receive 0.0 percent APR on purchases and balance transfers for 12 months and no annual fee.

American Express Blue Business Plus Credit Card

This second American Express card has some of the same basic features as the above. However, it also provides double the membership rewards points for eligible business purchases. Likewise, it still has Expanded Buying Power, providing much greater opportunity to rack up points.

Bank of America Business Advantage Cash Rewards Mastercard

With this Bank of America card — the only one to make our list — you’ll get $300 in statement credit when you spend at least $3,000 during your first 90 days.

You can also earn 3 percent cash back in a category of your choice, as well as 2 percent cash back on dining and unlimited 1 percent cash back on other purchases. Moreover, you’ll face no annual fee, and perhaps best of all, your cash rewards never expire.

Capital One Spark Cash for Business

When you sign up for the Spark Cash for Business card, you earn a $500 cash bonus as long as you spend $5,000 in your first three months. Plus, you’ll receive $1,500 when you spend $50,000 within your account’s first six months.

As for cash back incentives, cardholders get unlimited 2 percent cash back on every purchase without any restrictions whatsoever. You also won’t have to deal with foreign transaction fees or an annual fee for the first year.

Capital One Spark Miles for Business

If you’re the type of professional who does a lot of traveling, then this Capital One card might be for you. If you spend $5,000 in your first three months, you’ll receive 50,000 bonus miles. Or if you spend $50,000 in six months, you’ll get a staggering 150,000 bonus miles.

You’ll also receive unlimited double miles per dollar for unlimited, unrestricted purchases or five times the miles on any hotel and rental car bookings. And, yes, there’s no annual fee in the first year.

Capital One Spark Cash Select for Business

The last Capital One card to make our list has a lot to offer. First, cardholders get an unlimited 1.5 percent cash back incentive on unrestricted business purchases.

You’ll also get a one-time $200 cash bonus if you spend $3,000 in the first three months of your account’s life. Moreover, you receive 0 percent intro APR for 12 months, no annual fee and no foreign transaction fees.

Chase Ink Business Unlimited Credit Card

For the detail-oriented business owner, Chase has several notable business credit cards on the market. This one offers $500 bonus cash back after a $3,000 expense in the first three months.

But it also features unlimited 1.5 percent cash back on every business purchase you make. If you need something a little more robust, stay tuned. But the Business Unlimited card has all the basics covered.

Chase Ink Business Cash Credit Card

With the Business Cash card, Chase account holders get the same $500 bonus cash back as the Business Unlimited card. But they also have access to 5 percent cash back on the first $25,000 spent at office supply stores and on telecommunications services.

Moreover, you earn 2 percent cash back on the first $25,000 in expenses on gas stations and restaurants each year. For the business owner with a higher budget, this card is the perfect option.

Chase Ink Business Preferred Credit Card

Cardholders with this Chase card earn 80,000 in bonus points once they spend $5,000 on any purchases in the first three months of their account.

The Business Preferred card also offers 3 points for every dollar of the first $150,000 spent on travel and select business purchases. For all other purchases, there is an even point match for every dollar spent.

Discover It Business Card

New customers with this credit card receive an unlimited cash back match for every dollar spent in the account’s first year.

In addition, you earn 1.5 percent cash back on every dollar you put toward any purchases. Plus, there’s no annual fee, accessible customer service and a free credit score just for being a customer.

Choosing the Best Business Credit Card for You

So there you have it: our 2020 best business credit cards. Choosing the best one for you is going to depend on your unique business needs, from your overall budget to how often you travel and whether or not you’ll be making foreign transactions. For comparison’s sake, take a look at Incfile’s Top Credit Cards of 2019. With so much to consider, selecting a business credit card is not an easy decision. Hopefully, this glimpse at what’s out on the market has inspired you to find the perfect one for your business needs. Make 2020 the best year yet for your business!

This article was originally published on the Incfile Blog.

Dustin Ray leads business development and growth initiatives at Incfile, a national incorporation service company specializing in business formation and small business services. Founded in 2004, Incfile makes it possible to start a business with a $0 formation + state fee and has assisted in the formation of more than 250,000 corporations and LLCs.

Derrick Wan, 360 MAGAZINE, stem cells

NEW STEM CELL STUDY

 A new study released today in STEM CELLS outlines how fat grafting – which previous studies have shown can reduce and even reverse fibrosis (scar tissue) buildup – also improves the range of motion of the affected limb. The study, conducted by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine, was conducted on mice.

The tumor-destroying capabilities of radiation therapy can be a life saver for a person suffering from cancer. But it’s a therapy that has several unwanted side effects, too, including causing substantial damage not just to cancerous cells, but any healthy tissue in its path. Over time, fibrosis builds up in the treated area which, in the case of an arm, shoulder, or leg, for example, can lead to painful contractures that significantly limit extensibility and negatively impact the person’s quality of life.

The Stanford team irradiated the right hind legs of subject mice, which resulted in chronic fibrosis and limb contracture. Four weeks later, the irradiated limbs of one group of the mice were injected with fat enriched with stromal vascular cells (SVCs). These potent cells already naturally exist in fat, but supplementation of fat with additional SVCs enhances its regenerative capabilities. A second group was injected with fat only, a third group with saline and a fourth group received no injections, for comparison. The animals’ ability to extend their limb was then measured at baseline and every two weeks for a 12-week period. At the end of the 12 weeks, the hind limb skin underwent histological analysis and biomechanical strength testing.

“Each animal showed significant reduction in its limb extension ability due to the radiation, but this was progressively rescued by fat grafting,” reported corresponding author Derrick C. Wan, M.D., FACS. Fat grafting also reduced skin stiffness and reversed the radiation-induced histological changes in the skin.

“The greatest benefits were found in mice injected with fat enriched with SVCs,” Dr. Wan added. “SVCs are easily obtained through liposuction and can be coaxed into different tissue types, where they can support neovascularization, replace cells and repair injured issue.

“Our study showed the ability of fat to improve mobility as well as vascularity and appearance,” he continued. “We think this holds enormous clinical potential — especially given that adipose tissue is abundant and can be easily collected from the patients themselves — and underscores an attractive approach to address challenging soft tissue fibrosis in patients following radiation therapy.”

Furthermore, said co-author and world-renowned breast reconstructive expert Arash Momeni, M.D., FACS, “Our observations are potentially translatable to a variety of challenging clinical scenarios. Being able to reverse radiation-induced effects holds promise to substantially improve clinical outcomes in implant-based as well as autologous breast reconstruction. The study findings are indeed encouraging as they could offer patients novel treatment modalities for debility clinical conditions.

“Excessive scarring is a challenging problem that is associated with a variety of clinical conditions, such as burn injuries, tendon lacerations, etc. The potential to improve outcomes based on treatment modalities derived from our research is indeed exciting,” Dr. Momeni added.

“Skin and soft tissue scarring and fibrosis are well-established problems after radiation. The current study, showing that human fat grafting can normalize the collagen networks and improve tissue elasticity in immune deficient mice, provides molecular evidence for how fat grafting functions,” said Dr. Jan Nolta, Editor-in-Chief of STEM CELLS. “The studies indicate that, with the appropriate regulatory approvals, autologous fat grafting could potentially also help human patients recover from radiation-induced tissue fibrosis.”

Full article HERE.