Posts tagged with "auto"

Road trip illustration for 360 magazine by Gabrielle Archuleta

Starting A Car That Has Been Sitting For Months

Whether you’re going on vacation for a while or temporarily relocating to another location for work, you may need to leave your vehicle for an extended period of time without using it.

If you are in this situation, it’s important to know how not driving your car for a month or more will affect its performance, including its ability to safely start.

What Happens If You Don’t Start Your Car For A Month?

Cars are designed to be driven, not to sit idle for months. When left unused, engine fluids start to break down and parts that aren’t getting lubricated begin to corrode. Even worse­–animals may move in, chewing on anything they can reach. Rodents often chew through wiring harnesses or other car parts that are made out of organic materials, which can cause substantial damage.

Tires are also affected by inactivity. When a car is not being used, the air will slowly start to leak out of its tires, especially in the cold weather. The weight of the vehicle will press down onto the deflating tires, which can cause flat spots. Filling the tires with air often solves this problem, but sometimes flat spots become permanent.

Moisture can also start to accumulate in the gas tank if the car is left unused for a long period of time. Over time, this can lead to corrosion.

How long can a car be left unused? In general, the longer a car sits, the worse these problems can become. But, it’s not all bad news.

Leaving A Car Unused For 3 Months? Here’s What to Do Before Starting It

If you plan on leaving your vehicle unused, it’s important to know how to start a car that has been sitting for two weeks, two months, or even two years.

Even after a few months, most modern cars can still be safely started. That is, providing the battery still holds a charge. However, there are a few simple checks you should make first. This will help you quickly identify problems while making sure your car is safe to start.

Here’s what to do:

Check The Engine Oil

Check the oil level using your vehicle’s dipstick. If you’re not sure where the dipstick is located, refer to your owner’s manual for a diagram. The correct oil level should be between the two indicator marks on the dipstick.

Be sure the engine is cooled off for at least ten minutes before you check the oil. When you go to check the oil not only should you take notice of the level, but also you should observe the color and consistency. If this oil is thick and gritty and the color is dark, then it’s likely time for an oil change. Be aware that if your oil level is low, you should not drive your vehicle until you have topped it off to the recommended level with the recommended oil.

Check All Exterior Lights

Check that your headlights, fog lights, high-beam lights, brake lights, reverse lights, and indicators are all working before you head out on the road. The easiest way to do this is to grab a friend or family member, so one person can activate the various lights and the other can check if they’re working.

Check For Signs Of Leaks

Before you check the engine oil and coolant levels, take a look at the floor under the car to see if there are any signs that something has been leaking. As a general rule, you can typically narrow down the issue by observing the color of leak, though it’s always best to have a professional inspect and diagnose the leak before driving:

  • Black or light brown usually indicates an engine oil leak
  • Red or brown usually indicates a transmission leak
  • Clear, red or brown usually indicates a power steering leak
  • Transparent yellow or brown usually indicates a brake system leak

Driving your car while it’s leaking fluid can cause serious (and expensive) damage. It’s important to avoid driving if there are any signs of a leak. Check for any leaks underneath your car before taking your car for a drive for the first time in months.

Check The Brake Fluid

To check your vehicle’s brake fluid level, you need to identify the brake master cylinder reservoir. It is typically mounted at the rear of the engine, in line with the position of the brake pedal. Your owner’s manual should be able to show you exactly where it’s located.

You’re simply performing a visual check of the fluid level against the markings on the translucent brake fluid reservoir. Remove the cap of the reservoir and note if the fluid looks healthy or dirty. If your brake fluid is low, it could indicate a problem with your brakes that will need repair as soon as possible. Dirty brake fluid can indicate water contamination has occurred, in which the vehicle’s brake system will need to be flushed.

Inspect The Battery

The first issue you may encounter if your car is left idle for an extended period of time is car battery problems. Batteries slowly lose voltage over time when left idle. If you haven’t had your car hooked up to a trickle charger or any other type of voltage maintainer, the voltage will have likely dropped below the amount necessary to start the car. Jump starting your vehicle may solve the problem. After the jump start, let your vehicle run for 5 – 10 minutes to recharge the battery. Then, switch it off and attempt to restart it. If your car won’t restart, there could be a problem with the battery or your vehicle’s electrical system. This issue can leave you stranded if it’s not remedied.

Before you attempt to jump-start your vehicle, remove the battery cables and check that the battery terminals are clean and clear of debris and corrosion.

Ideally, the battery should have a full charge before the vehicle goes into storage. Further, the battery should be disconnected from the engine to prevent discharging. The charge should be checked every three months. The battery should be recharged if it drops under around 12.4 volts.

Check The Gas

It only takes one month for the gas in your tank to start breaking down. As the lighter components of gas evaporate and oxidate, gas loses its combustibility and becomes less effective. As it degrades, it forms a gummy residue that gets released into the fuel system– increasing the likelihood of a blockage occurring. Old fuel can cause an engine to misfire and stall.

Obviously, we don’t recommend sniffing gasoline, but gas that has started to break down will have a distinct sour smell that resembles the smell of varnish. One option is to siphon a small amount out of your fuel tank and check the color. Old gas will be darker than fresh gasoline, and you may even be able to see the gumminess that have started to form.

If your car has been sitting for three months or longer, it is recommended to drain the tank and fill it with fresh fuel. For a car that has been sitting for a month or two, it is recommended to top up the fuel tank with fresh gas and dilute the old gas before it passes through your vehicle’s fuel system.

Finally, if you find you just aren’t driving your car much and it’s likely to sit idle for 30 days or more, a fuel stabilizer should be added to the gas. This will prevent degradation for up to 12 months. It is the easiest way to avoid damage to your cars fuel system.

Inspect The Tires

A visual check of the tires should be performed to make sure they are in good condition, before attempting to drive the vehicle. Air pressure should be checked and adjusted to the manufacturer’s recommended psi. This can be found on a sticker that is usually located on the driver’s door jamb. You could also find the recommended psi for your tires in your owner’s manual.

Upon inspection, your tires may look normal. But, when you get behind the wheel to take your car for its first spin in months, instead of the familiar smooth ride you may feel a vibration through the steering wheel and hear an unfamiliar noise. This is caused by a flat spot in the tire– a problem for any car that sits idle for extended periods of time.

This occurs when a stationary tire has to bear the load of a vehicle for an extended period. As the weight of the vehicle presses down, the bottom of the tire spreads out on the ground. As time goes on, the rubber gets stiffer, leaving flat spots on the tire.

Generally speaking, as you drive the car and the tires get warm and regain flexibility, the flat spots will disappear. This usually takes around 15 minutes. In extreme winter temperatures, these flat spots can become permanent if a vehicle hasn’t moved for several months.

Tires can develop flat spots if your car sits for an extended amount of time. Check your tire pressure before starting your car again to make sure it is at the recommended psi.

Check For Rodents

When the weather cools off, rats and mice look for warmer shelter and can be disastrous for car owners as their engine bay doubles as this season’s hottest rodent hotel. After mice have made a car their new home, their sharp teeth can cause serious damage to engine hoses, plastic panels, and wiring.

Signs that your car may have a mouse problem include:

  • Droppings and an associated bad smell
  • Unfamiliar noises when you switch on the fan or heater, indicating the presence of a nest
  • Food scraps in unusual places
  • Check engine light on your dash, indicating wiring damage
  • Bite marks on hoses and wires

Getting mice out of your car can be a time-consuming job. Not only will you have to find and remove their nest, but you’ll also have to clean and disinfect the area around the nest, and more than likely repair any damage they caused. There are many methods to prevent mice from moving back in such as spraying peppermint oil or putting out moth balls. Forget the ultrasonic sound repellants though–they won’t do anything besides put a hole in your wallet.

How Often Should You Start Your Car

Leaving a car unused for three months—or even three weeks—is not ideal. If possible, start your vehicle a couple of times per month when it is not being used. It’s best to not only start the vehicle, but to also drive it for about ten miles before putting it back in storage.

Starting the vehicle without taking it out for a quick spin will warm up the engine, but nothing else. It could also drain the vehicle’s battery, which will make it harder to start next time.

On the other hand, starting the car and driving it for 10 miles will fully warm up other parts of the vehicle, including the transmission, brakes, and suspension. Driving this short distance will also give your vehicle’s battery a chance to recharge, so it’s easier to start in the future.

Consider asking a close friend or relative to help.  Maybe they can take your car out once in a while when they go out to dinner or to run chores.

How to Prepare For Not Driving Your Car For A Month

If you plan on leaving a car unused for 3 months, there are certain steps you can take to keep it in good condition during this period of inactivity. Here’s what to do:

  • Use a car cover. You should always cover a vehicle that is not being used—even if you are storing it indoors. A car cover can protect your vehicle from long-term storage hazards, such as bad weather and animals.
  • Wash it. Be sure to thoroughly wash your vehicle before putting it in storage. Leaving water stains or other debris on your vehicle for a long period of time can lead to paint damage.
  • Get an oil change. An oil change will remove the dirty oil, which contains contaminants that could damage your engine while the vehicle isn’t being used.
  • Fill your gas tank. If the gas tank is empty or even half full, moisture will start to accumulate if the vehicle is not being used. To prevent this problem, fill the gas tank prior to putting your vehicle in storage.
  • Place the vehicle on jack stands. If you plan on not driving your car for a month or more, it’s best to take the wheels off and prop the vehicle up on jack stands. This requires additional work, but it will prevent flat spots and other forms of tire damage.
  • Don’t use the parking brake. Rust can form in the braking system if the vehicle is left in storage for a long period of time. If the parking brake is applied, this rust can cause the brake pads to fuse together with the rotor. That’s why it’s best not to use the parking brake before leaving your vehicle for a month or longer.

Following these tips can help preserve the life of your vehicle while it’s not being used.

What to Do If Your Car Takes A Long Time to Start After Sitting

Found a potential problem? Is your car taking a long time to start? Or unsure about any of these steps? The next step is to get a professional to inspect your vehicle and advise you of your options. Car repairs can be expensive, but giving your vehicle a thorough check-over before hitting the road will save you money in the long run.

DYU and F-Trends V1 Smart Bike image for use by 360 Magazine

DYU & F-wheel Lastest Trends

Buy DYU At Ease

It’s not a problem anymore to buy one or two DYU smart bikes for sample or personal use. And your order will be delivered in 7 days by our local warehouse in Europe and USA. Following are the models in stock (available in different regions):

DYU A1f Smart Bike

  • Affordable price: $499
  • Powerful motor: 36V 240W
  • Big battery for long endurance: 5Ah Lithium Battery
  • Double brake for easy riding: front and rear disc brakes
  • Three riding modes: riding, assisting, electric
  • Seat height adjustable, suitable for different riders

F-wheel A5 E-bike

  • Portable & removable battery, convenient for charging.
  • Latest e-bike model from F-wheel in 2020.
  • Long mileage.
  • Powerful motor. 350W 48V.
  • Ergonomic and comfortable 3 suspension design.

DYU V1 Smart Bike

  • Streamlined Design, Stylish and Beautiful;
  • Mini & Portable Size, Lightweight (15kgs);
  • Hollow Seat Cushion, Breathable and Comfortable;
  • Lithium Battery Capacity: 10Ah, Max Endurance: 40KM;
  • Integrated Motor Wheel, Vacuum Thickened Tire.

DYU D3+ Smart Bike

  • Stylish and trendy streamline design
  • Lightweight, 18kg only
  • Easy control, front and rear disc brakes;
  • Long endurance, 10ah large capacity battery;
  • Powerful motor, 36V 250W, 25KM/H speed

DYU D3F Smart Bike

  • Biggest e-bike size among all DYU series.
  • Sturdy metal electric bike frame.
  • Foldable & portable design, bike length is around 1 meter.
  • High-quality 6AH Lithium Battery, assisting riding mileage up to 45KM.
  • Safe and fast speed, reach up to 25km/h.

Hurry up to grab your own DYU smart bike!

Retail customers used to wait up to 50 days for the product to be delivered in the last few months since most orders of DYU products were shipped by sea.

Now a large quantity of DYU Smart Bikes has arrived in our warehouse in Europe and USA. And we cover countries including UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the USA, etc. It’s the best time to order DYU Smart Bike.
See all the DYU models on sale HERE.

About DYU & F-wheel

The F-wheel & DYU project was launched in 2012. F-wheel company is a high-tech enterprise made up by former staffs from well-known international enterprises like Huawei, Baidu, Mindray etc, represented by Liu Shasha, the China billiards champion and was specially reported by CCTV1 News Broadcast, one of the most famous news media in the world.

DYU Ebike and e scooter brand is the most important brand created by F-wheel.

This project targets on the researching and marketing of intelligent commuting vehicle products, like smart city short trip self-balancing scooter and travel robots. Its products have several main conceptions like fashionable, portable and environmentally friendly. Its top-selling products include F-wheel series somatosensory vehicles and DYU mini E-bike series. F-wheel products have won nearly 40 domestic & international patents and awards so far and exported to more than 50 countries, receiving around 20 million RMB of the capital investment from famous investment institutions. And now its valuation has exceeded 100 Million RMB. F-Wheel strives to build intelligent short-distance travel ecosystem in 5 years and enter the GEM IPO market with the value exceeding 5 billion RMB.

Rimac Nevera via Rimac Automobili for use by 360 Magazine

Rimac Automobili Unveils the Nevera

Hypercar manufacturer and electric technology specialist Rimac Automobili unveiled the production version of the C_Two, now becoming the Nevera, an all-electric, 1,914hp, 258mph, $2.4m hypercar designed and engineered to unleash an unprecedented level of performance.

The Nevera is the production-ready iteration of the Rimac C_Two concept car, which was revealed at the International Geneva Motor Show in 2018. Since then, Rimac’s engineers have refined their new flagship on every level during an extensive development program, in the pursuit of the ultimate electric hypercar driving experience. With the majority of key components of the Nevera developed in-house at Rimac’s HQ in Croatia, all systems have been improved and enhanced since the initial prototypes to deliver on the ambitious performance targets set for at the beginning of the project in 2018.

Underlining his own commitment to the project, Mate Rimac will personally test and sign off each of the Neveras, before they are delivered to customers from the company’s current production site on the outskirts of Zagreb, Croatia.

Named after a force of nature

Fittingly, the Nevera bears a proud Croatian name and one that truly reflects the prodigious performance the car can unleash in the blink of an eye. The name given by the locals to a quick, unexpected and mighty Mediterranean storm that races across the open sea off Croatia, a nevera is extremely powerful and charged by lightning.

Appearing with exceptional speed and potency, Rimac’s next-generation hypercar shares the Nevera’s name and looks set to leave a similarly disruptive effect on the global hypercar market. And, like the force of nature it is named after, it is just as adept at transforming its character in an instant – from assured and comfortable grand tourer to ultra-focused performance machine.

Form follows function

Rimac favors lean and effective engineering at every stage, and that philosophy is exemplified in the form-follows-function nature of the Nevera’s timeless, elegant design. It is applied to every single detail, including Rimac’s signature ‘cravat’ feature, which is incorporated into its flanks.

“Since the 17th Century, the necktie has provided a symbol of Croatian strength and identity, and we first paid tribute to it on our Concept­_One hypercar in 2011,” reveals Rimac Director of Design, Adriano Mudri,And, like every element of the car’s design, it is there to provide a key function of the Nevera’s performance, serving as an air intake for the rear cooling systems.”

A comprehensive raft of changes to the Nevera’s bodywork, air diffusers and intakes has delivered a 34% improvement in aerodynamic efficiency over the early prototypes­. The profile of the bonnet, the shape of the pillars and the design of the diffusers, splitters and radiators have all been intensively analyzed and refined to improve airflow and downforce. Inlets and cooling channels have been painstakingly developed to increase the cooling efficiency of both the brake and powertrain systems, resulting in a 30% improvement at low speeds and a seven per cent enhancement at high speeds.

Rimac has also created numerous new innovative active aerodynamic elements to elevate the Nevera’s cooling, performance, stability, and efficiency. The front bonnet profile, underbody flap, rear diffuser and rear wing can each move independently, driven by complex algorithms that provide the optimum aerodynamic configuration for every driving situation. Switching from ‘high downforce’ to ‘low drag’ mode reduces aerodynamic drag by 17.5% to create a 0.3 coefficient of drag. Changing back into ‘high downforce’ mode increases downforce by 326%.

Despite incorporating a wealth of active aerodynamic elements, as well as many cameras and sensors that enable the Driver Coach feature, the Nevera’s body design remains a coherent graphic. It combines both the drama and beauty of a hypercar and appears simultaneously shaped by the air and forged with technology. The stunning butterfly doors elegantly carve away from the car’s wide sill as they open, creating a generous space for ease of entry and egress.

Lightweight, forged alloy wheels feature a unique aerodynamic design that channels cooling air to the Brembo carbon-ceramic braking system and ensures smooth airflow down the car’s flanks.

World’s most advanced monocoque construction

Nevera’s groundbreaking monocoque, developed by the former C_Two Chief Engineer Daniele Giachi, includes a bonded carbon roof, integrated structural battery pack and rear carbon subframe, forming the largest single carbon fibre piece in the entire automotive industry. Weighing less than 200kg and utilising 2200 carbon fibre plys and 222 aluminium inserts, the monocoque encases the car’s battery to form a compact yet incredibly strong structure with a torsional stiffness of 70.000Nm/degree. The level of unmatched strength and safety this provides has contributed to the Nevera meeting strict global homologation standards, and delivering the most rigid structure of any car ever made.

Driving the future

The key to the Nevera’s exceptional performance is Rimac’s pioneering electric powertrain. Every component of the Nevera’s electric powertrain has been exhaustively reworked since its inception to deliver more torque, greater performance and enhanced efficiency.

The unique H-shaped, liquid-cooled, 120kWh, 6960-cell battery was designed from scratch by Rimac and sits at the very heart of the Nevera. Capable of producing 1.4MW of power, the Lithium/Manganese/Nickel battery also forms an integral part of the car’s core, adding 37% structural stiffness to the carbon fibre monocoque. The battery’s optimum positioning low and central within the car’s floor contributes to an ultra-low centre of gravity. This helps create an excellent 48/52 front/rear weight distribution and the best possible handling balance.

Developments of the advanced battery cooling system have made it even more efficient since the introduction of the C_Two, enabling more power to be delivered for greater periods. Four bespoke surface-mounted permanent magnet motors drive the Nevera’s four wheels individually. Together, they enable 1914hp and 2360Nm of torque, which is triple the output of a ‘conventional–engined’ supercar. The front and rear wheels are each connected to a pair of single-speed gearboxes.

Capable of instantly summoning maximum torque from the first moment, the Nevera’s electric motors are 97% efficient–compared with 40% for the most effective internal combustion engines–and completely maintenance-free throughout their operating life.

Out of this world acceleration–beating the ambitious targets

With the ability to sprint to 60mph in 1.85 seconds and continue the acceleration all the way to a 258mph top speed, the Nevera opens up a new dimension in hypercar performance. Accelerating from rest to 100 mph requires just 4.3 seconds and it maintains its eye-widening acceleration throughout a full-throttle cycle, achieving 186mph from rest in 9,3 seconds, shredding a whole 2,5 seconds from the initial targets. Finally, it achieves a record-breaking 8,6 seconds quarter-mile time.

Perfect power delivery, impeccable stopping power

Rimac’s All-Wheel Torque Vectoring 2 (R-AWTV 2) system replaces traditional Electronic Stability Program and Traction Control systems to further bolster grip and traction. Meanwhile, the Nevera’s R-AWTV 2 system enables infinitely variable dynamic responses to road and track conditions by calibrating the amount of torque supplied to each wheel. R-AWTV 2 calculates the precise level of torque to channel through each wheel for ultimate stability and exceptional agility. Both predictive and responsive, R-AWTV reads the road and makes over 100 calculations per second to tailor the level of torque to achieve the desired driving style.

The Nevera is also equipped with cutting-edge braking technology. A complex electro-hyrdaulic brake booster with brake pedal feel simulator distributes the braking force between the friction brakes and electric powertrain, depending on the battery, powertrain and brake state. For instance–it dissipates kinetic energy through the friction brakes if the battery is close to its thermal limits, or activates more regenerative braking in case the friction brakes are hot. All those transitions should remain in the background, not noticeable to the driver. This enables the Nevera to make the highest use of regenerative braking of any other car on the market now. In addition to a maximum range-enhancing regenerative braking of 300 kW provided by the electric motors, substantial stopping power comes from 15 inch Brembo CCMR carbon-ceramic brake discs and six-piston callipers. Combined they provide consistent, fade-free and exceptionally powerful braking, even when the car is subjected to extreme forces on the track.

Relaxed grand tourer with track attack precision

Double wishbone suspension with electronically controlled dampers and active ride height adjustment provides a combination of a smooth and comfortable ride, exemplary body control and ultra-agile handling.

Further emphasizing Rimac’s technology-first approach, the Nevera utilises the very latest electric power steering with steer-by-wire function, enabling adaptive driver-feedback, depending on the drive mode. Additionally, it works as a drive-by-wire system when in “Driver Coach” mode to demonstrate optimum racing lines and vehicle control to the driver.

Rimac’s versatile and responsive R-AWTV 2 system enables drivetrain calibration for the Nevera to facilitate any driving style through seven different driving modes.

For a truly engaging drive on the road, “SPORT” mode sharpens the response of the throttle, brakes, suspension and steering, while “DRIFT” mode supplies more torque to the rear wheels to accentuate oversteer and help hold the car in a controlled power slide on the track. “COMFORT” mode strikes a perfect balance between a relaxing ride, efficiency and driving pleasure, while “RANGE” mode enables the Nevera to achieve maximum mileage from each battery charge. In expert hands, “TRACK” mode sets the Nevera to full, unrestrained configuration to help drivers exploit the car’s full potential. Finally, two “CUSTOM” modes enable drivers to access their personal, pre-selected performance characteristics.

Minimalist design cabin, maximum comfort and control

With space for two occupants in full race regalia and their luggage, Nevera is as much a capable grand tourer as it is a performance hypercar. Digital screens soak up needless toggles and switches, leaving only essential tactile controls, giving more space to enjoy Nevera’s carefully designed interior.

The cockpit features a trio of high-definition TFT screens, which present as much, or as little, information as the user requires. Configured for both track driving and comfort, the layout of the cockpit is divided into two zones. The focus of the top segment is entirely placed on driving pleasure and performance, while the lower part houses the infotainment system, comfort controls and driving data.

Tactile billet aluminum rotary controls and switches, including three displays with rotating control, provide a resolutely analogue feel, tailored to enable the driver to utilize the cutting-edge digital technology in an even more engaging manner. From the cockpit, the driver can monitor every aspect of the car’s performance with real-time telemetry, downloadable to a laptop or smartphone for later review.

Road Trip via Mina Tocalini for use by 360 Magazine

New Book on the Volkswagen Type 4: 411 and 412

There’s a new book out now via Veloce Books about the Volkswagen Type 4 by Marc Cranswick, going over everything from the history to the specifications on the vehicles. Sections from the book have been provided below. You can purchase the book HERE.

“If ever there was a car in search of a context and market, it was the VW Type 4. Volkswagen’s first foray into the upscale sector brought engineering innovation to Wolfsburg. It also tried to convince worldwide buyers that VW still had the right stuff. With design origins in the Porsche consultancy, the signs were hopeful. However, globally, the automarket was rapidly changing.”

“The VW Type 4’s portfolio ran to unitary construction and fuel injection, but had to face fancy competition from Detroit’s European subsidiaries. All the while, VW was searching for its future road, and faced challenging developments. The fuel crisis and Japanese competition in North America kept the pressure on at Wolfsburg.”

“The Type 4 411 and 412 held to VW tradition, while introducing new engineering directions and refinements. VW’s biggest ever car faced off against mainstream competition.”

“It was also Volkswagen’s first mid-size car and it’s final design in a thirty year air-cooled odyssey.”

“Could the VW 411 and 412’s solid traditional virtues carry the day? Then and now the Type 4’s unbreakable VW quality, and flat out sustainability, appealed to air cooled devotees. The 411 and 412 brought a new dimension in comfort to VW, and its hardware design was utilized by the air cooled clan both on and off road. The Type 4 even had a sportscar connection, and never lost the power to surprise.”

Cybertruck illustration by Heather Skovlund for 360 Magazine

Summer Tires In Winter; Why It Is Not Advisable To Use Them

Seasons are not constant. They keep changing, so should your tires. Tires that are made for use in the summer cannot be used on hard slippery winter roads. Although the hassle involved in changing the summer tires can be costly and tedious, it is worth ensuring you are safe during the transition.

Because you know your area better, you can determine when to change the tires. In some areas though, the conditions are mild, making it unnecessary to change tires if you are using the all-season ones. Here are reasons why you should not use your summer tires in winter. Take a peek.

  1. Some of the Dangers for Using Summer Tires During Winter
  2. Loss of Traction and Poor Grip

Summer tires are made with lower resistance to make them perform efficiently and minimize noise. However, the resistance is not enough to be used on icy roads.

When compared to summer tires, winter tires are made with deep tread. It helps with braking and high rolling resistance which keeps vehicles steady on the road. The sipes on winter tires provide a firm grip on the snow.

Extreme cold can make tires break. The compound used in making winter tires is soft, which makes it adjust to extreme weather. It becomes stiff when the temperatures go down, causing them to lose traction or even break. 

All-season tires also have deep treads and sipes to make them suitable for all weather. But, these can only be ideal in areas where temperatures do not reach their extremes. In such conditions, these tires lose their traction as well and their grip is not good.

  1. Risk Damage Due to Cold Temperatures

The roads do not have to necessarily be snowy or icy to affect summer tires during the winter season. When the temperature drops, the compound used in making cheap summer tires stiffen. The elasticity and the traction get lost. This results in tire cracking and chipping off the tread block. 

When tires reach this damage extent, they are unsafe for use and car owners should replace them as soon as possible. Failure to do so, you could be risking damaging the rim and worse causing accidents because the car is prone to slipping.

  1. All-Season Tires as an Alternative

These tires are better alternatives to cheap summer tires for those living in places with mild conditions. Although it is not advisable to use them in extreme winters, they don’t pose a huge risk like the summer tires when used in the right conditions. 

For places with mild conditions, drivers can save time used in changing tires and money for buying and installing new ones.

  1. When Do You Need Summer Tires?

Summer tires are often not suitable for use in temperatures below 7 degrees Celsius. During summer, the temperatures exceed this level. This time is ideal to fix your winter tires on your vehicle to enjoy that grip.

  1. When Do You Need Winter Tires?

Since summer tires are used when temperatures shoot above7 degrees Celsius, winter tires are used when the temperature falls below this value. These tires provide an aggressive grip that reduces the braking distance. 

When used in warmer conditions, the compound used in making these tires becomes overly soft and wears out fast.

  1. When Do You Need All-Season Tires?

Although they are called all-season tires, they cannot be compared to those specially made for certain conditions. They are limited to the weather extremes. It means that if the temperatures are too hot or too cold, these tires are not as efficient. 

But, when used in mild conditions, drivers of vehicles that use these tires can enjoy a saving cost on fuel. They also last long when compared to other tires because they can easily adapt to different conditions. They are also quiet and this makes motorists feel comfortable and peaceful when driving. 

Manufacturers understand the need for road safety in different seasons. That is why they produce season-specific tires. They have different features that make them efficient for the season they are meant for. Why would you risk when you have options that can help you and your loved ones stay safe?

Cybertruck illustration by Heather Skovlund for 360 Magazine

Cybertruck × Tesla

Cybertruck hits 1 million pre-orders milestone exceeding Tesla’s last 2 years deliveries

Despite being a new entrant in Tesla’s electric vehicle models, the Cybertruck continues to attract more interest from potential buyers. The market enthusiasm surrounding the model has resulted in a pre-order milestone beating other Tesla vehicle delivery in recent years.

According to data acquired by Finbold, as of May 25, 2021, the estimated Cybertruck reservations were 1.08 million. The figure is more than the 866,750 total vehicles delivered by Tesla in two years between 2019 and 2020.

Last year, the electric vehicle manufacturer delivered 499,550 vehicles, while in 2019, the figure stood at 367,200. Furthermore, Tesla has recorded a steady annual increase in vehicle deliveries, with the figure surging 558.2% between 2016 and 2020. In 2016, 2017 and 2019 the delivered stood at 75,890, 103,020 and 244,920 respectively.

Small reservation fee potentially driving Cybertruck demand 

The report explains some of the driving factors in record Cybertruck reservations alongside the potential impact on deliveries. According to the research report:

“The massive interest in the Cybertruck also reflects the conditions set by Tesla for reserving the vehicle since customers need to deposit a refundable $100. The amount is affordable, but analysts have remained skeptical about the reservation numbers getting converted into deliveries. In the end, Tesla fans can take the money from their bank account, reserve the Cybertruck and get a refund later.”

Despite Tesla recording impressive Cybertruck pre-orders, the company still faces competition from other players who are ramping up their products for the electric truck niche. For example, both General Motors and Ford have announced their entry into the market.

Read the full story with statistics here

Art by Mina Tocalini for use by 360 Magazine

Speedway Motors Employee Rides Series

Jason Lubken is an established and celebrated car photographer whose work shows his great appreciation for car design and storytelling. No matter the subject or setting, Jason has always made an effort to be evocative and nostalgic with his photos. He gained an entirely new appreciation for cars when he decided to build his own. 

It all started when Jason’s friend Derek rescued a scrapped ‘63 Chevy Impala. The moment Jason saw it, he was determined to rescue it from the hands of time and bring it back to life with the help of his friends. In just a year, Jason was able to take it on the road and achieve his goal with a brand new outlook and appreciation of retro cars. 

Read Jason’s story below and visit the rest of Speedway Motors’ Employee Rides series here

The heart of this story is not just about another old car getting put back on the road or the sequence of events that made it possible. Yes – it takes passion, hard work, and dedication, but throughout life, you meet a lot of friends, and in the process, you figure out how to hold on to the good ones. Every part of this car will always be a token of that positivity.

What truly puts this car back on the road is having a support system willing to help get it there. I don’t just mean buddies willing to help bolt parts together in the wee hours of the night. Zach Raddatz not only fronted me half the money to buy the car and engine components, he blueprinted and assembled a reliable 400hp small block Chevy. Derek Turner, one of the most talented enthusiast builders I know, sold me the car. He turned around and showed me how to build it every step of the way.

It takes time too. It’s taking 8hr long road trips on work nights to score a bumper and fenders or spending your entire Sunday at an auction or swap meet. Similar stories go on and on.The point is, I have never been involved in something that has the same power to connect people. Project cars carry on memories forever, they will also reinforce your relationships, and teach you how to value hard work. Good photography can do the same thing. This Impala has the same sentiment a good photograph does. Every part has a story, a place, and a time. Every time I fire the engine there is more than just the sound. At some point in its life, this factory Ember Red 4-speed Impala SS had been wrecked badly enough to twist the frame beyond repair. The remains were stripped and it was left for dead. It was just a shell. When Derek saw it, he saw something more than most could.

He dragged it home and started building a new frame to roll under it. He has always had an affinity for lowered Chevys, which is why he started the chassis work with drop springs and spindles. He rebuilt the rear end with stock 3:36 gears. The rest of the frame was powder coated and equipped with all new bushings, ball joints, and a disc/drum brake setup. About the time he finished the chassis work, somehow, I talked him into selling me the project. He had no reason to sell it other than the kindness of his heart. A handshake later, he not only sold me the car but helped patch up the underbody before it went on the new frame. It was close to 2-months of cutting, grinding, and welding before it was ready to meet the frame again.

My vision for the car has always been simple. Get it on the road again, keep it old school, drivable, and reliable. It doesn’t need to be cool because of some particular wheel and tire combo, interior, or anything else. This car is cool because it’s survived and for now I want to keep the scars that came along with that. Every part of getting to drive the car came in small triumphs. The day the body met the frame, and the day I saw the bright newly painted sbc motor and transmission dropped in. New wiring, figuring out the driveline, brake and fuel plumbing, cooling system, etc. etc.

It has taken nearly 2-years of small triumphs… Until finally the day came when the Impala moved under its own power again. All of the exhausting nights, weekends, and mornings melt away as if it didn’t matter and you’re left with the reminder that you are a part of what made this moment possible.

Make sure to watch the video of Jason and his Impala here as well as checking out the story on Speedway Motors’ website.

Photo courtesy of ELEVATE for use by 360 Magazine

Hot Rod Announces Power Tour 2021

MOTORTREND ANNOUNCES REGISTRATION IS NOW OPEN FOR THE 2021 HOT ROD POWER TOUR, The nation’s largest & most recognized traveling car show returns August 23-27, 5,000+ total performance cars will roll through the Midwest, Registration and further event details available here!

Registration is now open for Motortrend’s legendary annual event, Hot Rod Power Tour Presented by HP Tuners and Driven by Continental Tire. Celebrating 27 years in 2021, the world’s largest traveling car show will once again roll through the heartland of hot rod culture as it returns to five cities in the Midwest beginning Monday, Aug. 23 through Friday, Aug. 27, 2021. For registration and event details, visit their website.

Hot Rod Power Tour is widely considered to be the finest high-end hot rod–based automotive tour in the world, bringing together more than 5,000 vehicles. Classic cars, hot rods and trucks travel city to city while performance car lovers, Hot Rod editors and photographers follow alongside the tour, cruising through small town America like one big family reunion road trip. Participants can join for one day, two days, or be a Hot Rod Power Tour long hauler and join for all five days.

The Hot Rod Power Tour is back after a year’s hiatus and the staff and I couldn’t be happier, said Hot Rod Editor-in-Chief John McGann. We can’t wait to be part of the world’s largest rolling car show again, thanks to the help and support from our fans, participants, and sponsors.

Hot Rod Power Tour Presented By Hp Tuners And Driven By Continental Tire 2021 Schedule

  • Kickoff / Day 1: Monday, Aug. 23 – Summit Motorsports Park in Norwalk, Ohio

  • Day 2: Tuesday, Aug. 24 – Montgomery County Fairgrounds in Dayton, Ohio
  • Day 3: Wednesday, Aug. 25 – Lucas Oil Raceway in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Day 4: Thursday, Aug. 26 – World Wide Technology Raceway in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Day 5: Friday, Aug. 27 – State Farm Center in Champaign, Illinois

Attendees are invited to make some power with the HP Tuners Dyno sponsorship and burn some rubber in the HP Tuners Burnout Box at select stops along the tour! Event-goers can stop by the main HP Tuners trailer to meet the team, learn about products, and get a free t-shirt. Staff will also randomly give away swag bags with product during the event to participants wearing HP Tuners merchandise.

There are few things better than joining a lineup of hot rods and muscle cars across a multi-city road trip, said HP Tuners Director of Marketing Eddie Xu. HOT ROD Power Tour is the ultimate celebration of horsepower and all things automotive, and HP Tuners is excited to present this year’s tour and share our latest and greatest products with all the automotive enthusiasts out there!

Registration Information and Spectator Tickets

All vehicles and spectators must pre-register before arriving at the first venue they attend. Spectators can come out and witness the Hot Rod Power Tour spectacle at no gate admission cost, but must register for a free ticket at their website to be guaranteed entry. Spectator parking is located away from the show grounds and parking charges may apply in some locations. 

Participants may register a vehicle for just one day, two days, or for the best value the entire event as a Long Hauler. Vehicle registration is open to any year, make, or model. Registration is now open at their website.

Economic Impact

Hot Rod Power Tour brings significant impact to the economies of each of its tour stops. Hotels, restaurants, and local establishments play host to tour participants, who are relaxed and enjoying the lifestyle of the ultimate hot rodding journey. Hot Rod Power Tour annually attracts participants from around the world who plan for months or even years to make the trip, and they come prepared to make each stop a memorable experience. 

Connect

For more information on the tour, visit their website, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

Health and Safety Precautions Overview

All stops will adhere to federal, state and local health and safety guidelines related to COVID-19 and follow a plan approved by local health departments.

About Hot Rod

Hot Rod has been the most recognized brand in the world of high-performance cars since the iconic American magazine was founded in 1948. Today, the authoritative Hot Rod media footprint connects with more than 5 million individuals per month. The Hot Rod Network includes HOTROD.com; the two largest events of their kind, Hot Rod Power Tour and Hot Rod Drag Week; plus Roadkill and Hot Rod Garage shows on the MotorTrend App, the world’s only auto-dedicated subscription video-on-demand service.

About HP Tuners

HP Tuners is a company focused on providing industry leading automotive calibration tools for everyone. With comprehensive hardware and software resources designed to address various diagnostic, data logging and calibration needs, HP Tuners brings unmatched products for modern OBD vehicles. The tools offered by HP Tuners give you an endless array of digital adjustments, seamless live logging, vehicle diagnostics and tuning abilities. Whether you are building a dedicated track car, a next level streetcar, or just want more fuel efficiency or better towing for your daily driver, HP Tuners has the tools to get the most out of your vehicle. For more information, visit their website.

About MotorTrend Group

MotorTrend Group is the largest automotive media company in the world, bringing together Discovery’s fast-growing MotorTrend TV and a vast automotive digital, direct-to-consumer, social, and live event portfolio, including MotorTrend, Hot Rod, Roadkill, Automobile, and more than 20 other industry-leading brands. With a monthly audience of 26 million across web, TV, and print, and 110 million social followers, culminating in 1.3 billion monthly impressions across all platforms, the company encompasses television’s #1 network for automotive superfans, a leading automotive YouTube Channel, and the MotorTrend App, the only auto-dedicated subscription video-on-demand service. MotorTrend serves to embrace, entertain, and empower the motoring world.

Art by Kaelen of 360 for use by 360 Magazine

Speedway Motors Promotes New Executives

Speedway Motors, a manufacturer, retailer and distributor of high-quality automotive parts and racing products, announced four recent promotions within the company.

For more information about career opportunities at Speedway Motors visit their website. For previous news about Speedway Motors, check here.

Over the past year, we’ve experienced unprecedented growth, said Betsy Grindlay, Director of Marketing and People Operations. As we continue to add new products and new retail and distribution centers, these promotions will help position us to meet customer demand by getting products on shelves quickly, providing a good customer experience online or through our customer experience center and delivering orders quickly, efficiently and without any hassles. 

Richard Thomas has been promoted to Director of Operations at Speedway Motors. Thomas holds a Bachelor of Arts from Ohio State University and two master’s degrees from the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. He held various leadership roles in the Navy before joining the Speedway Motors team in 2018. As Director of Operations, Thomas will oversee Speedway Motors’ warehouse capabilities including Neb., Ariz. and W. VA., engineering teams and IT teams. He will oversee about 200 employees, so having a strong communicator really mattered to us. Thomas started in the compliance department paying attention to regulatory compliance including the California Air Resources Board (CARB). He has done an excellent job communicating those restrictions to our internal departments and customers, Grindlay added. With the growth we’ve see in the past year-and-a-half, I think he’s going to set us on a path to continue that into the future, helping make sure we give our customers the best experience possible. To learn more about Speedway Motors, check out their website here.

Andrew Boellstorff has been promoted to Director of Digital Product and Technology. Boellstorff holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and master’s from Wichita State University. Boellstorff has over 15 years of experience in various management and leadership roles. Prior to joining the Speedway Motors team in 2018, he held positions at GT Exhaust, EMIT Technologies, Nebraska Book Company, Inc. and Spreetail. Andrew has been integral in the structural improvement of our website, improving the experience and making online purchasing even easier for our customers, Grindlay said. In this new role, he’ll be overseeing all aspects of development and analytics in addition to continuing to ensure our customers have an industry-leading experience.

Brandon Bisch has been promoted to Director of Ecommerce. Bisch holds degrees from the University of Southern Indiana and Nebraska Wesleyan University. He joined the team at Speedway Motors in 2005 and has held various roles from customer care and quality to Marketplaces Manager. Most recently, Bisch served as the business unit manager of the Ecommerce team. Bisch has a thorough understanding of our customers’ journey due to his extensive experience at Speedway Motors, Grindlay added. This year, he and his teams have been a major factor for the unprecedented growth of the web business unit.

Kaitlin Mathison has been promoted to Director of Marketplaces. A graduate of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Mathison joined the Speedway Motors team in 2015. Previously the business unit manager, Mathison lead the Marketplaces team to achieve incredible growth year-over-year. In her new role, she will take full responsibility and accountability for the entirety of Speedway Motors presence on eBay, Walmart and Amazon. Mathison brings an energetic diligence to this role. Every project she tackles, she hits the ground running. Grindlay said. Watching her take over our marketplaces business has been extraordinary. She’s a hard worker, and at the helm of this incredible team, they will continue to do amazing things to make it easier to get product in the hands of people building their dreams.

About Speedway Motors Inc 

Speedway Motors is a manufacturer, retailer and distributor of high-quality automotive parts and racing products. Since 1952, Speedway Motors has been committed to providing a broad selection of high-quality, affordable automotive parts – delivered quickly, efficiently and without any hassles. Their products and expert advice are available to customers by calling 1-(800)-979-0122, online or at retail stores in Lincoln, Neb. and Tolleson, Ariz.

Aventador illustration by Heather Skovlund for 360 Magazine

Direzione Cor Tauri

Lamborghini announces its roadmap for electrification: “Direzione Cor Tauri”

A landmark transformation plan for Lamborghini’s sustainability path: from product electrification to the Sant’Agata Bolognese site

  • Top product performance: the absolute priority throughout the entire electrification program
  • Roadmap incorporates celebration of the combustion engine and the range’s hybrid transition by 2024
  • Internal target defined: 50% less product CO2 emissions by the beginning of 2025
  • The largest investment in Lamborghini’s history: more than 1.5 billion euros over four years
  • Vision of a fourth fully electric model in the second part of the decade

Stephan Winkelmann, President and CEO of Automobili Lamborghini, today presents “Direzione Cor Tauri” (Towards Cor Tauri): a roadmap to decarbonization of future Lamborghini models and of the Sant’Agata Bolognese site based on a holistic approach to its environmental sustainability strategy. Throughout the product electrification process, Lamborghini will focus continually on identifying technologies and solutions that guaranteetop performance and driving dynamics in keeping with the marque’s tradition. In reference to the logo chosen by company founder Ferruccio Lamborghini in 1963, Cor Tauri is the brightest star in the Taurus constellation, and represents Lamborghini’s move towards a future that is electrified but always faithful to the heart and soul of the ‘bull’ brand.

Winkelmann commented: “Lamborghini’s electrification plan is a newly-plotted course, necessary in the context of a radically-changing world, where we want to make our contribution by continuing to reduce environmental impact through concrete projects. Our response is a plan with a 360-degree approach, encompassing our products and our Sant’Agata Bolognese location, taking us towards a more sustainable future while always remaining faithful to our DNA. Lamborghini has always been synonymous with preeminent technological expertise in building engines boasting extraordinary performance: this commitment will continue as an absolute priority of our innovation trajectory. Today’s promise, supported by the largest investment plan in the brand’s history, reinforces our deep dedication to not only our customers, but also to our fans, our people and their families, as well as to the territory where the company was born in Emilia-Romagna and to Made in Italy excellence.”

Cor Tauri, Lamborghini’s roadmap, will comprise of three phases:

  1. Celebrating the combustion engine (2021-2022) by presenting models paying tribute to the company’s recent period of continuous success. In the wake of steady sales growth and a seven-fold increase in turnover over the last fifteen years, Lamborghini has established itself as a center of excellence in the production of the best super sports cars. Unique design, technological innovation at the highest levels backed by huge investments in research and development, and the highest quality and craftsmanship are the basis for a pyramid of products: from the Urus Super SUV, the cornerstone of today’s success, rising to the pinnacle of technology and design masterpieces with the limited series. The most recently unveiled, the Sián, kicked off the electrification journey: the first Lamborghini featuring hybrid technology. This phase will be characterized by the development of combustion engines for versions that pay homage to the brand’s glorious history and iconic products past and present, but always under the impetus of the visionary spirit that distinguishes Lamborghini. Two new cars in the V12 model line-up will be announced in 2021.
  1. Hybrid transition (by the end of 2024): in 2023 Lamborghini will launch its first hybrid series production car, and by the end of 2024 the entire range will be electrified. Performance and the authentic Lamborghini driving experience will remain the focus of the company’s engineers and technicians in developing new technologies, and the application of lightweight carbon fiber materials will be crucial in compensating for weight due to electrification.  The company’s internal target for this phase is to reduce product CO2 emissions by 50% by the beginning of 2025.

Leading the hybrid transition will be an unprecedented investment: more than 1.5 billion euros allocated over four years, the largest in Lamborghini’s history. It is a tangible sign of the company’s strong sense of responsibility towards the need for a concrete response, through significant innovations, to the period of profound transformation that is affecting the whole automotive industry.

  1. First fully electric Lamborghini (second half of the decade): acceleration in the second part of the decade will be dedicated to full-electric vehicles, with the vision of a fourth model in the future. Once again, technological innovation in this phase will be oriented towards ensuring remarkable performance and positioning the new product at the top of its segment. This is how Lamborghini sees the culmination of this part of its journey: Cor Tauri, the brightest star in the constellation to which the company’s roadmap points, is represented by a fourth fully electric model.

Lamborghini’s program towards 2030 starts from a holistic vision of the company’s sustainability strategy: a 360-degree approach that spans product to the Sant’Agata Bolognese site, from the production lines to the offices. The 160,000 square-meter area achieved CO2 neutral certification in 2015, which was maintained even after the production site was doubled in size in recent years. In addition to reducing CO2 emissions, environmental protection, sustainability in the supply chain, attention to employees and corporate social responsibility are integral parts of this strategy.

The heart and compass of the Cor Tauri transformation plan is the brand’s DNA, and its innate ability to turn challenges into opportunities through continuous technological innovations, leading to improved performance and driving emotions but within the constraints imposed by the increasingly stringent CO2 regulations. A journey towards a new Lamborghini, but always faithful to itself and its roots.