Posts tagged with "Tesla Model 3"

ID TechEx Research electric-battery vehicles image for use by 360 Magazine

1000 Mile Battery Vehicles

Many Routes to 1000 Mile Battery Vehicles, Reports IDTechEx 

It is easy to make 1000-mile battery-electric vehicles, and the effect on market uptake will be profound. For example, a typical city-dweller today might charge only once every two months and vacation where chargers are rare.

With solar bodywork having done some of the job, even feeble existing chargers will cause little delay in charging time. Indeed, solar bodywork is a “get-you-home” feature that is capable of suddenly making battery-electric vehicles acceptable in most of the world­– increasing their market potential and accelerating economies of scale in production, making battery-electric vehicles more affordable.  Meanwhile, today’s EV would be easier to sell to country dwellers if they had a folding solar panel “lifeboat” offered as an optional extra. See the IDTechEx report, “Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition”.

Learn from the sea. Many solar boats can already be bought with effectively infinite range because they have so much area available for solar. Some have the generating capacity to supply three houses on arrival. For heavier sea-going ships, adding wind turbines works because at sea, the wind is rarely head-on at a speed less than the craft’s. The large Manta ocean clean-up boat from Sea Cleaners is the latest example. Even energy-independent ships are possible by combining these technologies with others.

Land vehicles lag in energy-independent technologies because they have less surface area per passenger, but the newly viable single-crystal silicon on the sides (as demonstrated by Sono Motors at CES 2021) is a step in the right direction. Student solar racers get energy independence using 3­­–5 compound solar that is unaffordable for most applications as yet. They also get ultra-low drag factors by squeezing the riders. Nonetheless, these things benchmark what is coming to a car, robot shuttle, and truck near you.

For example, following solar golf cars, Aptera, a Californian solar car start-up, promises 1000 miles for those willing to mix it with Class 8 trucks while sitting in a three-wheeled egg. More mainstream, Tesla and Lucid already get past 500 miles range by utilizing low drag factor, light-weighting, more efficient power electronics, and other strategies such as aluminum monocoque, even before adopting solar. Indeed, Tesla Roadster doubles the battery to get 620 miles. Lightyear solar family cars approach 500 miles range with exceptionally extensive solar bodywork, but also offer more efficient in-wheel motors. More efficient motors have been important for Tesla’s exceptional range, and better motors are on the way. See the IDTechEx report, “Electric Motors for Electric Vehicles: Land, Water, Air 2020-2030”.

When feasible, Elon Musk wants solar that unfolds on arrival and will pump more than one kilowatt. Many vehicles are largely glass, but solar building windows are obviously coming to vehicles, starting with Hyundai promising a translucent solar roof.

In 2018, Tesla began to adopt wide-bandgap semiconductors (silicon carbide) in the Model 3’s main inverter, which are more efficient and save on the weight and space of the cooling equipment. Supercapacitors are barely used in on-road BEVs, but they can improve range in many ways now they appear with higher energy density and at a lower price. They grab more braking energy, and they facilitate deep discharge of the newer batteries that can tolerate such things.

The roadmap of other range-extending technologies is equally rich. Infrared harvesting surfaces under the vehicle may work in hot countries. On top and sides, adding perovskite to silicon will grab infrared and light over a much wider spectrum, increasing electricity by at least 10% (multilayer perovskites promises 100%). Autonomous taxis, shuttles, and buses dispensing with the weight and space of the driver can go further. In windy countries, wind turbines that erect when the vehicle stops can be viable. Indeed, the US Department of Defense funds trials of electricity generation by using tethered drones from vehicles, up where the wind is stronger and more consistent.

Raghu Das, CEO of IDTechEx, advises, “VW Group and many others work on structural batteries and supercapacitors to increase range – no more dumb bodywork. Meanwhile, Tesla and Lucid commercialize a first step in that direction. Equally challenging, but still a possibility is using higher voltage to increase range beyond the current focus on charging time. 800-1000V is pioneered by VW Group, Lucid, Rivian, GM, Hyundai, Kia, and other carmakers and their suppliers such as Hitachi, Borg Warner and others. In principle, it increases efficiency and lightens weight.”

“We are currently working on the start of production for several premium 800-volt projects,” says Bert Hellwig, who is responsible for electric drive system development at ZF. “We supply a Chinese OEM with the complete electric driveline, including power electronics, for several models. For a European sports car manufacturer, ZF provides power electronics for a high-voltage application. Further series start-ups are already on the horizon.”

There is much more. Thermal management and all materials and systems can perform better and get lighter, both of which increase range. See the IDTechEx reports, “Materials for Electric Vehicles: Electric Motors, Battery Cells & Packs, HV Cabling 2020-2030” and “Thermal Management for Electric Vehicles 2020-2030”. For example, a transparent heater film applied only where needed on vehicle interiors has been shown to save up to 30% of that electricity.

Meeting all these factors in the middle is intermittent catenary and intermittent road rails and coils–charging vehicles as they hurtle by– and an increasing number of cars able to charge other cars (Sono Motors’ Sion is again an example). Batteries charge fast initially, so the profusion of lamp post chargers topping up in London, for example, can be a good alternative to scarce and expensive fast chargers, particularly as vehicles double their range. Battery improvements promise large range increases. Volkswagen targets 40% more energy density by 2030.  In other words, vehicle designers can now choose which of the many routes to 1000-mile range they will pursue with plenty of choices.

For the whole picture, see the IDTechEx report, “Electric Vehicles: Land, Sea and Air 2021-2041”.

For the full portfolio of Electric Vehicle research available from IDTechEx, please visit this website.

Green Car by Mina Tocalini for 360 Magazine

China’s EV Industry Growth

1.3M Electric Vehicles Were Sold In China In 2020 – Projected For 51% Increase By 2021

China has become a relatively rich market for Electric vehicles (EVs) in recent times, and companies like Tesla have pounced on the opportunity. China posted a record number of EVs sold in the country in 2020, despite the global downturn of the automotive industry due to the COVID-19 pandemic. According to data presented by TradingPlatforms, 1.3M EVs were sold in China in 2020– a rise of 8% YoY, but is projected to grow by over 51% in 2021 to almost 2M.

EV Enters Mainstream– China One of Promising Markets, Despite Negative Effects of Pandemic

EVs have entered the automotive mainstream in recent times with Tesla setting the tone for affordable and stylish EVs. In 2019, the global EV market was valued at just over $162B and is expected to see tremendous growth in the next decade. The global EV market is projected to have a compound annual growth rate of 22.12% in the period from 2019-2026, and rise to a value of almost $803B in 2026.

China is a particularly strong market for EVs, where a record number of EVs were sold in 2020. However, recent policy changes around the EV industry in China, and the more recent Coronavirus pandemic, have slowed down the strong momentum EVs once generated. Despite this, the number of EVs sold in China still saw a modest increase of 8% YoY from 2019-2020 to a record 1.3M units sold.

Demand is also expected to rebound after 2020’s sharp downturn for the entire industry. EV sales are projected to increase by over 51% to almost 2M EVs sold. Automotive industry expert Chris Jones noted: “Prospects are very good for China’s EV market in 2021. There is already an excellent network of standardized public EV chargers in China, good government support and now a return to strong consumer demand.”

SAIC-GM-Wuling and Tesla Carried Chinese EV Industry Through Turbulent Time

Two brands and their vehicles carried the Chinese EV industry through a difficult period caused by the pandemic: SAIC-GM-Wuling and Tesla. The Tesla Model 3 was the most popular EV in China for a time until the Wuling Hong Guang Mini EV entered the market in the middle of 2020. As of July 2020, the Tesla Model 3 was the most registered new electric car in China with the Wuling Hong Guang Mini EV already following closely behind.

An estimated 11,000 Model 3’s had been registered by that period while 7,250 Wuling Hong Guang Mini EV had already been registered despite deliveries only starting in the same month. By the end of 2020, SAIC-GM-Wuling had become the most popular EV brand in China with an estimated 177,000 units in car sales compared to Tesla’s 137,460 units.

The two brands offer two very different EVs, yet found that their shared success that carried the Chinese EV market through a difficult time. Jones further notes: “If it had not been for the huge success of these two very different EVs, the Chinese EV market would have declined in 2020. Between them, the two models represented one in five of all EVs sold in China.”

You can read more about the story with more statistics and information at TradingPlatform’s website.

 

 

Polestar 2 illustration by Kaelen Felix for 360 MAGAZINE

The Best Cars for Technology

There are some people that view cars simply as a mode of transport. Then there are other people who love their car and want to have all of the latest features to enjoy. In particular, a lot of those people want the newest and best technology so that their travels can be easy and fun. The tech can be a deal breaker when you are searching for a new pride and joy. If you are someone that loves technology, here are the best cars you can look at for leasing or purchase.

Audi A8

If you are looking for a luxury sedan that is going to offer you speed, comfort and the latest tech, we recommend the Audi A8. This German automaker never lets you down and it comes with a host of cool features that make driving easy. This includes automated driving features that help with parking, garages and traffic jams. You can still get to your destination on time but with less effort. There is a touch infotainment system for road trips and there is a high-quality satnav to get you there.

BMW 5 Series

BMW is one of the most popular car makes in the world. This means that they do not disappoint when it comes to the latest technology. In particular, they know how to do in-car entertainment. The BMW 5 Series, as well as many other models, now have an advanced infotainment system that allows driver and passengers to enjoy Wi-Fi and even a web browser from inside the vehicle. So, on your car’s display, you can surf Facebook and message your friends and if you enjoy the occasional sports bet, place the odd wager on Unibet Pennsylvania during your travels.

Tesla Model 3

If there is one vehicle that has been gaining a lot of attention recently it is the Tesla Model 3. Of course, this is the latest electric car that everybody wants. But it is also packed with some amazing technology that you will not find anywhere else. We are talking about a 15-inch landscape touchscreen, which is unusual for inside a car. You can do everything from navigate to your next location to play games. There is also Wi-Fi for your passengers to enjoy. We cannot talk about the Tesla Model 3 without mentioning the autopilot modes. This makes driving a lot easier and you can take your hands off the wheel

Kia Ceed

The Kia Ceed is a reminder that you do not always have to spend a fortune to buy a high-tech car. This is one of the most affordable vehicles on our list but it still has some fantastic technology features that you are going to love and use every day. For example, enjoy smart cruise control, as well as blind spot collision warning. Parking is also made easy thanks to the smart assistance features. When it comes to in-car entertainment, you are covered thanks to the touch screen. There is even a wireless smartphone charger that is going to make sure you have juice when you arrive at your destination

Polestar 2 illustration by Kaelen Felix for 360 MAGAZINE

2021 Polestar 2

Polestar Cars has just announced the formal pricing of the Swedish brand’s first pure electric car, the 2021 Polestar 2. The electric performance fastback has an MSRP of $59,900 in the United States.

The MSRP of the Polestar 2 is below state incentive thresholds in critical markets such as California and New York. Additionally, this price enables state rebates of approximately $2,000 in certain states*, for total tax incentives of up to $9,500 when combined with the federal electric vehicle tax credit.**

“We are quite enthusiastic to announce the U.S. pricing for the Polestar 2,” said Gregor Hembrough, Head of Polestar USA. “The MSRP is lower than we originally targeted, and will be extended to all of our current reservation holders.”

“With an online purchase option, lower pricing, considerable tax incentives, and production already underway, the Polestar 2 is well-positioned for a successful entry into the U.S. market,” continued Hembrough. 

Polestar also announced option pricing for the Polestar 2 depending on which add ons someone hopes to add to the car. The performance pack comes in at $5,000 and the Nappa Leather Interior is priced at $4,000. The stunning 20-inch Alloy Wheels and the Metallic Paint Colors both come in at $1,200.

This vehicle is priced in the same range as the 2021 Tesla models that have been released. The 2021 Tesla Model Y is starting at $49,990 and the 2021 Tesla Model S is priced beginning at $69,420. The current average price for an electric car is around $55,600, so the Polestar 2 falls right on par with this average. 

The Polestar 2 arrives with 408 hp and 487 lb.-ft. of torque, very powerful for an electric car. The vehicle also features all-wheel drive and a 78 kWh battery pack, which enables considerable EV range. The car has an MPGe of 96 in the city and 88 on the highway.

The Polestar 2 is also the first car in the world to feature a built-in infotainment system powered by Android, featuring voice command via the Google Assistant, Google Maps with EV charging support and app downloads via the Google Play Store. The car features innovative technology throughout. The interior of the hatchback is modern yet minimal creating an opulent feel for passengers.  

The Polestar 2, which began production in late March, has already begun delivery to U.S. reservation holders in summer 2020. With a digital retail model, the Polestar 2 is available to purchase on Polestar.com.

In order to replace car dealerships, the brand will soon open physical retail showrooms—Polestar Spaces—where non-commissioned Polestar Specialists will be able to assist customers with product information and test drives. Polestar Spaces are designed specifically to allow people to explore the cars without the pressure of committing to a purchase. The first of these locations have opened in California and New York as of late summer 2020, and the next additional locations are currently set to open in Denver and Austin. 

The Polestar 2 is available for sale in all 50 states and Polestar will announce lease and retail finance options for the vehicle in the near future.

In the pursuit of accelerating sustainable mobility, Polestar, the electric performance car brand, today released a multi-episode video series featuring Golden Globe winner Oscar Isaac. A champion for climate justice, Isaac delves deeper into Polestar innovations which aim to improve today’s society, and that of the future.

In partnership with The Wall Street Journal, “Making aNew” is a five-part mini docuseries which seeks the truths behind Polestar’s ethos and advancements in sustainability, electrification and performance. The video series is available to view today at www.polestar.com/us/making-anew.

“As the automotive world moves to electrification, important terms such as sustainability and clean energy are becoming generic slogans with diminished meaning,” said Oscar Isaac. “After learning about the company, I feel better about driving a Polestar because the brand is transparent about how its cars are produced, accountable for its impact on the planet and taking action to truly offset the footprint of its vehicles.”

Since the launch of the brand in 2017, Polestar has become synonymous with the development of new technologies, harnessing refined performance and incorporating unconventional materials in the development of its vehicles.

More recently, the brand began publishing detailed climate impact reports of its electric vehicles as they leave the production line, aiming to be the most transparent company in the automotive industry. As a proof point of this pledge, Polestar has published a full lifecycle analysis of the Polestar 2 Electric Fastback, and will release its first annual sustainability report in March of this year.

“We are determined to be the guiding star for our industry, accelerating the shift to more sustainable mobility. Innovation, clean energy, circular materials and transparency are areas of particular focus. A great example of this is the use of blockchain to improve the accountability of our cobalt supply chain,” said Fredrika Klarén, Head of Sustainability at Polestar. “Collaborating with visible activists like Oscar, who are as passionate about carbon-neutrality as we are, will help raise awareness and understanding, paving the path for a more sustainable future.”

About Polestar

 

Polestar is the independent Swedish premium electric performance car brand founded by Volvo Cars and Geely Holding. Established in 2017, Polestar enjoys specific technological and engineering synergies with Volvo Cars and benefits from significant economies of scale as a result. The company is headquartered in Gothenburg, Sweden, and retails its vehicles in ten global markets across Europe and North America, and in China.

Polestar produces two electric performance cars. Polestar 1 is a low-volume electric performance hybrid GT with a carbon fiber body, 609 hp, 738 ft.-lb. and an electric-only range of 60 miles – the longest of any hybrid car in the world. The Polestar 2 electric performance fastback is the company’s first fully electric, high volume car. Polestar 2 launched in 2020 with an all-wheel-drive electric powertrain that produces 408 hp and 487 ft.-lb., with a maximum range of 233 miles EPA (292 miles WLTP).

In the future, the Polestar 3 electric performance SUV will join the portfolio, as well as the Precept – a design study vehicle released in 2020 that is slated for future production. Precept showcases the brand’s future vision in terms of sustainability, digital technology and design.

2021 Polestar 2 Image 3
2021 Polestar 2 Image 2
2021 Polestar 2 Image 1

*All tax information is current as of April 15, 2020. Government incentives are for informational purposes only and subject to change without notice, nor are within Polestar’s control. Incentive programs are offered and administered by government agencies. Eligibility and availability vary. Visit your state program’s website for the most up-to-date information on availability and redemption requirements. Your eligibility for income tax credits depends on your personal tax situation. Polestar encourages consulting with your tax advisor for details.

 

**The IRS offers a Qualified Plug-In Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Tax Credit of up to $7,500 on the purchase of qualifying vehicles. This is not tax advice. Consult your own tax advisor for details.

BBC America’s Top Gear returns for an All New Season

The all-new 27th season of Top Gear premieres on the network on Sunday, July 14 at 8/7c on BBC America. Featuring new hosts Freddie Flintoff, Paddy McGuinness and returning host Chris Harris, the premiere episode sees the trio reliving their first car experiences in Ethiopia. Freddie, Paddy and Chris are tasked with buying a fine example of their own first car, and drive their purchases to the Danakil Depression – the hottest year-round place on Earth. Moreover, Chris takes to the track in the McLaren 600LT and Ferrari 488 Pista in order to determine which track-day supercar is the best. Suffice to say, Europe’s tire manufacturers were kept in business for another few years.

THIS SEASON:

  • The hosts must find examples of their first cars for an epic Ethiopian road trip.
  • Paddy, Chris and Freddie build their own electric sports cars. Plus, Chris challenges Elon Musk’s claims about the Tesla Model 3.
  • Paddy will demonstrate of the perfect family car is an old hearse. They’re spacious, carefully driven and very cheap, on account of no one wanting to buy one.
  • The hosts test rare cars in the rain forest of Borneo.
  • Freddie competes in Iceland’s Formula Off Road – the maddest, smashiest motorsport on the planet, in which thousand-horsepower trucks race to the top of vertical cliffs.

The new season sees Paddy, Freddie and Chris tackling the fastest, hottest, toughest Top Gear challenges to date: pushing their cars, and themselves, to the very limits of endurance. From the brutal heat of the Ethiopian desert to the pedestrianized shopping district of downtown Mansfield in England,Top Gear is going bigger than ever before – all brought from the world-famous Top Gear test track, where a fresh batch of celebrities will demonstrate their driving prowess, or lack thereof, in the Reasonably Fast Car as well as being put through a new challenge which will be set by the presenters each week.

Freddie Flintoff

Paddy McGuinness

Chris Harris