Posts tagged with "electric vehicle"

Rolls-Royce Spectre inside 360 MAGAZINE

ROLLS-ROYCE SPECTRE

ROLLS-ROYCE SPECTRE: WINTER TESTING

A new Rolls-Royce motor car always begins its life in winter. Temperatures at the Bespoke facility used by the marque, located in Arjeplog, Sweden, just 55km from the arctic circle, drop to -26 degrees centigrade and are further cooled to -40 degrees centigrade.

There are several reasons for subjecting the marque’s products to such extremes. When the prototypes are built, engineers perform very basic tests in extreme conditions to ensure that each system is operational and functions at a basic level in cold weather. This test is combined with the beginnings of the refinement process – the first ‘lessons’ in a finishing school that will form the foundations of a motor car worthy of the marque.

ROLLS-ROYCE SPECTRE: ROLLS-ROYCE 3.0

Rolls-Royce 3.0 represents the beginning of the marque’s bold electric future. The term ‘Rolls-Royce 3.0’ is a reference to the brand’s progress during its renaissance, which began in Goodwood, West Sussex on 1st January 2003. The first Goodwood Rolls-Royce was Phantom, and it was underpinned by its own Bespoke architecture. This was Rolls-Royce 1.0. Following this, a new, highly flexible all-aluminium spaceframe architecture was conceived that could be adapted for multiple applications, including the current Phantom, Cullinan, Ghost and Coachbuild projects. This was Rolls-Royce 2.0. Rolls-Royce 3.0 is the integration of a fully electric power train and Decentralised Intelligence into the marque’s architecture.

In component terms, the simplicity of the car has increased significantly. However, the requirement for engineering Spectre – of sending this uneducated car to Rolls-Royce finishing school – is unparalleled.The definition of engineering has changed. Historically, engineering a Rolls-Royce has taken place in workshops. Spectre sees this pivot into the digital space.

Spectre is the most connected Rolls-Royce ever and each component within it is more intelligent than in any previous Rolls-Royce. It features 141,200 sender-receiver relations and has more than 1,000 functions with more than 25,000 sub functions. By comparison, Phantom has 51,000 sender-receiver relations, 456 functions and 647 sub functions.

The dramatically increased intelligence of Spectre’s electronic and electric powertrain architecture enables a free and direct exchange of detailed information between these 1,000+ functions with no centralized processing. While this has required engineers to increase the length of cabling from around 2 kilometers in existing Rolls-Royce products to 7 kilometers in Spectre, and to write more than 25 times more algorithms, it offers a significant step forward for the brand. A dedicated control can be created for each set of functions which enables unprecedented levels of detail and refinement, allowing for what Rolls-Royce chassis specialists are already calling “Rolls-Royce in high definition”.

ROLLS-ROYCE SPECTRE: ARCHITECTURE

In creating a design for Spectre, a generously proportioned, highly emotional body style was selected. This could only be enabled with the marque’s all-aluminium spaceframe architecture. Indeed, the scale is so far beyond other contemporary coupés that it orary product that occupies this space – Phantom Coupé. The marque’s designers consider Spectre to be Phantom Coupé’s spiritual successor.  

Indeed, when it came to styling Spectre, the marque’s designers considered the dimensions and emotionality of Phantom Coupé, and other grand coupés from Rolls-Royce’s past. Not only did they create this emotion with Spectre’s fastback silhouette and size, but they also carried forward a key design feature of Phantom Coupé: the iconic split headlights, a design tenet that Rolls-Royce has owned for many decades.

This design typology was selected in consultation with the marque’s clients, who found the idea of a Phantom-scale Electric Super Coupé highly appealing. However, the decision to pursue this aesthetic was also strategic. Leaders within the brand wanted the first fully electric Rolls-Royce to be highly emotional, something that shows that electric powertrain technology can deliver on the promise of such grand, seductive and compelling styling. While Spectre represents an historical moment for Rolls-Royce, it is also an historic moment for electrification – the technology is now able to contain the Rolls-Royce experience.

The flexibility of Rolls-Royce’s proprietary architecture, which is reserved for the marque’s exclusive use and does not underpin mass market cars, enables the exterior design to carry the scale required to create the presence of an authentic Rolls-Royce. This is plain to see in Spectre’s wheel size – it will be the first coupé equipped with 23-inch wheels since 1926.

The flexibility of the marque’s architecture also enabled designers to dramatize the coupé experience. By placing the floor halfway between the sill structures rather than on top or underneath the sills, there is a highly aerodynamic channel for the battery, providing a perfectly smooth underfloor profile. Likewise, this creates a low seating position and enveloping cabin experience.

By moving the bulkhead location, designers and engineers have also been able to deepen the dashboard location to truly cocoon passengers. This is amplified with a dramatically low windscreen rake and incredibly efficient airflow profile. This, along with other intelligent design solutions such as an aerodynamically tuned Spirit of Ecstasy mascot, contributes to a drag coefficient (cd) of just 0.26 in early prototypes.

The battery location, which is enabled by the marque’s architecture, unlocks another benefit that is commensurate with the Rolls-Royce experience. By creating wiring and piping channels between the floor of the car and roof of the battery, engineers have created a secondary function for the battery – 700kg of sound deadening.

ROLLS-ROYCE SPECTRE: THE EXTRAORDINARY UNDERTAKING CONTINUES

With the winter testing phase completed, Spectre will continue its global testing programme. The Electric Super Coupé still has to complete nearly two million kilometres before the marque’s engineers will consider this undertaking complete prior to first customer deliveries in the fourth quarter of 2023. 

Tesla Illustration by Alex Bogdan for use by 360 Magazine

Tesla’s Record High R&D

Tesla spends more on research and development (R&D) than any other automaker.  According to data presented by StockApps, the firm spends $2,984 on R&D per car produced. That’s thrice the industry average and higher than the collective R&D budgets of Ford, General Motors (GM), and Chrysler per car.

Commenting on the report, StockApp’s Edith Reads had this to say.” Tesla spends more than any other carmaker on R&D in order to maintain its lead in EV technology. And if you ask them about it, they’ll tell you this is the key to keeping their customers happy—which is what keeps them in business.”

Tesla’s investment in R&D is paying off

Its vehicles are not only making strides in environmentalism, they’re also safe, fast, and excellent at technology integration. Elon Musk‘s commitment to spending time developing new products and services is what makes Tesla successful.

Tesla is famous for its ambitious production goals. So if anyone is going to invest in making those dreams a reality, it’s them. And you can see why: while most carmakers focus on marketing themselves as a brand first and foremost, Tesla is focusing on making every car a piece of innovative engineering.

No Advertising Spending

Further, Tesla’s spending proves they are future-focused, unlike other manufacturers. While Tesla spends $0 on advertising per car, the industry average is $485. This further illustrates that consumers want to buy vehicles for their functionality and rely on testimonials for brand awareness rather than beautifully crafted commercials.

The company’s lack of an advertising budget is even more impressive than its R&D spending. Tesla’s unique business model becomes clear when we consider what its competition spends per vehicle on advertising. Ford and Toyota spend $468 and $454 per car respectively. 

Despite not spending anything on advertising, Tesla is technically a marketing magnet. That’s why it is one of the world’s fastest-growing brands. The firm dominates the press and social media engagements. Most of that comes from widely popular Elon Musk.

Tire via 360 Magazine for use by 360 Magazine

Pirelli Electric Vehicle Tire

Pirelli announced the introduction in North America of its first replacement tire developed specifically for electric vehicles: the P Zero All Season Plus with Elect marking.

The Elect marking offers a number of advantages. First and foremost is low rolling resistance, designed to increase the driving range while reducing consumption. Compared to a non-elect P Zero All Season Plus product, the new Pirelli tire has shown a reduction of 15% of rolling resistance, which translates to a direct improvement in the battery life of the vehicle.

Another key advantage of the Elect marking is noise reduction, for ultimate comfort and to emphasize the quiet inside the cabin. In electric cars, the engine is no longer the primary source of noise, so reducing sound frequencies produced by the tires is key to increasing driving comfort.

Finally, there’s an immediate grip designed to bite into the asphalt instantly, putting the power down for a quick getaway. Another feature worth mentioning: a special structure designed to support the weight of a battery-powered vehicle.

The new P Zero All Season Plus also features the Pirelli Noise Cancelling System (PNCS): a technology designed to reduce interior vehicle noise thanks to a sound-absorbing material applied to the inside circumferential wall of the tire that offers significantly improved driving comfort, a feature much appreciated by those who own electric cars. Pirelli Noise Cancelling System (PNCS) equipped P Zero All Season Plus Elect has shown a 5% decrease in cabin noise versus the leading original equipment competitor.

With the introduction of this new product, Pirelli confirms once again to be at the forefront of the electric vehicle revolution, after having been the first tire manufacturer to homologate a dedicated technology for electric vehicles and having the highest number of homologations of tires for EVs.

“Developing a tire specifically for electric vehicles requires a number of considerations you do not encounter when working with internal combustion engines,” said Ian Coke, Chief Technical Officer at Pirelli North America. “Electric vehicles are heavier, have more powerful and faster acceleration off the line and require lower rolling resistance.”

Tires play a crucial role in EV performance as they are a key safety, performance, and range optimizer. The new P Zero All Season Plus Elect offers a number of advantages for electric vehicles, thanks to the use of innovative compounds, profiles and structures.

Thanks to a new compound formulation that increases the abrasion resistance of the tire to compensate the high torque and the overall vehicle weight, the new P Zero All Season Plus Elect is built to offer long-lasting performance in every condition. The new Pirelli tire offers improved traction in line with the intense demands from the high torque produced by an EV. As electric motors deliver the maximum torque available immediately when accelerating, they need tires that can bite into the asphalt instantly. The adoption of functionalized polymers in the compound brought an improvement in wet grip and handling. 

The new P Zero All Season Plus Elect will fit some of the most popular EV high-performance models and will be available from 18 to 20 inches. In addition to the clear EV vehicle benefits, the new P Zero All Season Plus Elect comes with a 50,000-mile limited treadwear warranty.

DSC 1209 via LEVC for use by 360 Magazine

LEVC New Dealerships

LEVC (London Electric Vehicle Company) continues its ambitious European growth strategy by announcing the appointment of three new dealers in Spain full sales and aftersales support for LEVC’s breakthrough electric TX Taxi, TX Shuttle, and VN5 Van. 

Opening in Bilbao, Malaga, and Valencia, the new franchises extend LEVC’s reach in Spain to now five centers, following the appointment earlier in 2021 of Ronda 15 in Barcelona and Auto Elia in Madrid.

Joerg Hofmann, LEVC CEO, commented: “In April 2021, the Spanish government stepped up a gear, introducing a range of measures, including financial initiatives, to promote rapid growth in the EV sector by aiming to place five million EVs on Spain’s roads by 2030. Now, the timing is perfect for growing our business further and reaching new customers in Bilbao, Malaga, and Valencia, through a strong partnership that harnesses the expertise, enthusiasm, and experience of the highly regarded Carwagen Group, Vedat Group, and Vypsa group.” 

A green wave is set to engulf taxi and commercial vehicle fleets across Europe as drivers and operators seek out more sustainable mobility solutions. The European Green Deal provides an additional driving factor, with its goal of establishing one million charging points on the continent by 2025 and ensuring a minimum of 30 million zero-emission vehicles on Europe’s roads by 2030. LEVC is ideally placed to take advantage of the most significant transformation the mobility sector has ever seen. In addition, the company’s innovative eCity technology delivers a solution to keep vehicles on the road, driving in fully electric mode, even when the next charging point may still be a little further than ideal. 

Thanks to eCity technology, LEVC’s TX Taxis, TX Shuttles, and VN5 Vans eliminate range anxiety whilst minimizing emissions and optimizing efficiency, convenience, and profitability. The TX Taxi offers a pure electric, zero-emission range of 64 miles (103km), backed up by the reassurance of a totally electric-driven range of up to 318 miles (512 km). This flexibility enables drivers to leverage the vehicle’s benefits of generous space for six passengers for a comfortable, relaxing ride. 

The VN5 Van, which facilitates a gross payload of 830kg and shares the same lightweight aluminum construction and advanced eCity technology as the TX Taxi, offers drivers a pure EV range of over 63 miles (102km), boosted by the range-extender to more than 318 miles (513km). Using a rapid 50kW, both the LEVC TX Taxi and VN5 Van batteries can be recharged to 80% capacity in around 30 minutes.

Jose Miñano, Managing Director, Vedat Group (Valencia), said: “We are looking forward to seeing the iconic London black cab ferrying passengers around the streets of Valencia. Along with the VN5 van, it will help accelerate Spain’s commercial vehicle market towards sustainable mobility. The Vedat Group is proud to have been selected by LEVC to be part of the journey and we are eager to introduce our customers to the LEVC range. Given our ambitious sales trajectory and experience, we are confident that we can contribute significantly to LEVC’s growth across Europe.”

Marta Prieto, CEO of Carwagen (Bilbao), expressed: “In our more than 50 years of history we from the Carwagen group, have always been committed to innovation. We are proud to be able to contribute to the expansion and development of this great brand in the North of Spain hand in hand with LEVC. We believe that the future of urban transport must be sustainable and no one better than The London EV Company (LEVC), manufacturer of the legendary London taxi, which has the exclusive range extender technology, is able to undertake this change. We trust and are fully convinced of being a fundamental pillar in the implementation of these innovative vehicles, which fit perfectly with our company philosophy.”

Francisco López, Managing Director of Vypsa (Malaga), said: “Vypsa is firmly and decisively committed to this new brand because it is going to provide the taxi and industrial sectors with highly efficient energy-saving and environmentally-friendly vehicles. We are sure that these vehicles will have a fantastic acceptance by customers and will soon become a benchmark in their sector.”

Jorge Susaeta, Head of Operations of LEVC, said: “LEVC is delighted to welcome Vedat, Carwagen, and Vypsa groups to our rapidly expanding European network of dealers. With their experience of retail and aftersales service in the taxi and commercial sectors and their vision of establishing a sustainable mobility future, all of them represent ideal partners for LEVC. Thanks to the new operations in Bilbao, Malaga, and Valencia, LEVC is now represented across a significant geographical sector of Spain.”

Customers in Spain can take advantage of several government subsidies intended to improve the uptake of electric vehicles. The MOVES III incentive is subject to a maximum government-funded injection of up to €800 million to make electric vehicles more affordable for private motorists and businesses. As a result of the MOVES III scheme, buyers can receive up to €9,000 off the purchase price of a new electric van. In addition, the Spanish government has announced the Strategic Project for the Recovery and Economic Transformation (PERTE) of Electric and Connected Vehicles, to establish 250,000 registered electric vehicles and between 80,000-110,000 charging points across the network by 2023. In September 2021 Spain experienced a 24% growth in sales of EVs compared with the same month in 2020.

Rimac Technology automotive work via Rimac Technology for use by 360 MAGAZINE

RIMAC TECHNOLOGY

Ringing in the new year, the Rimac Group becomes its own entity as the Rimac Technology business.

Serving as a diverse company, Bugatti Rimac (active from November 21) falls within the clientele of the Rimac Technology business. The Rimac Group is a shareholder in Bugatti Rimac with 55% stake and Porsche with the following 45%. Rimac Group now owns the individual company of Rimac Technology. The fresh company has goals to develop its areas of expertise in the engineering, development, production and supply of differing systems that Rimac is renowned for – such as battery systems, electric drive units, electronic systems and user interface components.

A company with superior electronic expertise, Rimac Technology works closely with automotive manufacturers across Europe. These two realms collaborate in projects like the expansion of the Nevera, taking customers step by step through the process of product creation. Rimac Technology is especially known for their work with international OEMs such as Porsche, Hyundai, Kia, Automobili Pininfarina, Koenigsegg and Aston Martin, with other projects yet to be announced. With the development of Rimac Technology’s manufacturing capacities, the brand has goals to create tens of thousands of advanced systems per year by 2024.

The solely independent company works as an individual manufacturer, including sponsors into the Rimac Group business. Rimac Technology prioritizes clientele confidentiality with all projects, and that each endeavor will be completed to request of necessary cost, performance and within sufficient time.

Mate Rimac, CEO of Rimac Group, now heads both Bugatti Rimac and Rimac Technology. Although both the brands operate separately, they both work under Bugatti Rimac with shared R&B along with other roles. The potential of both Bugatti and Rimac automobiles will be corresponded to Bugatti Rimac, merging ideas and innovation in research and development, production and other areas.

Mate Rimac states, “If we go back to the very beginning of the Rimac Automobili business in 2009, the dream for me was to build my own electric hypercar. With Nevera we believe we’ve achieved that dream, creating a car that is not only the fastest accelerating in the world, but also comfortable, usable and brimming with our advanced technology. But Nevera isn’t just a standalone project, it’s a showcase of what Rimac Technology can do free from the costs or volume restraints of a large-scale manufacturer. We believe once you’ve pushed the technology as far as it can go, it makes it a lot easier to scale up to higher volume and lower cost. The e-Axles, Torque Vectoring, battery systems, connectivity, AI, and countless other electrical systems on Nevera are all our own creations, and each of them can be scaled to suit applications you might find on a range of higher volume performance vehicles.

Separating the technology business into its own entity is a natural step as the focus of the two markets, hypercars and components, are completely different. For example, the products of Rimac Technology, while being on the cutting edge of performance, also need to be extremely cost competitive and producible at huge scales, while those issues are secondary for the hypercar business. This new structure will enable each company of the Rimac Group to flourish to their full potential, while still sharing the synergies between them – for example using our own hypercars as testbeds for new technology before we offer it to other OEMs.”

First Electric Flying Car

In the summer of 2019, Alauda Aeronautics and Airspeeder Founder, Matt Pearson outlined a vision to create the most exciting next-generation motorsport on the planet. In doing so, accelerating the arrival of the flying car mobility revolution we have been promised for generations. 

Since then, a dedicated team of engineers, technical and sports rights minds drawn from the most celebrated names in motorsport, performance automotive, and aviation have developed the world’s first and only fully functioning electric flying racing cars. 

World’s First Remotely Piloted Flying Car Races

These vehicles will soon take place in a series of groundbreaking races named the EXA Series. These historic first electric flying car Grand Prix will be driven by the world’s best Speeder pilots. They will race blade-to-blade at speeds of up to 300 km/h in locations where racing has never taken place before. This EXA Series is the permanent development formula for the forthcoming Airspeeder crewed electric flying car races. As such, the competitors that have been chosen to take part will embark upon an extraordinary development journey, ascending from elite remote pilots into true history makers as the world’s first competitors in the forthcoming Airspeeder crewed races. 

Ready to Race 

These next-generation racing machines publicly flew for the first time in the summer of 2021 through development flights that have taken place in secret locations across the deserts of South Australia. While the technical team worked tirelessly to engineer and validate these revolutionary flying vehicles, more than 1,500 individuals applied to become history makers and pioneers as the world’s first electric flying car racing pilots. Indeed, in June 2019, Matt Pearson stood at the Agility Prime gathering of the world’s elite civil and military pilots and announced an open invitation to pilots. This drew the widest talent pool ever assembled to a new form of motorsport. Thousands of individuals from across the world drawn from aviation, racing, performance automotive, UAM flying, and even eSports answered the call to make history as the world’s first electric flying car pilots. 

An exhaustive process of selection followed. Key attributes far beyond just competitive instincts were assessed in making the final choices. To be among this initial number, raw pilot skill is not enough. These individuals have been chosen because of their ability to work in lockstep with the greatest technical minds to help develop both an entirely new form of game-changing technology and the very fundamentals of a sport that promises to rapidly accelerate its development. These women and men are therefore not only elite-level competitors but also proved an extraordinary level of sensitivity to the technical requirements to test and refine a form of aerial motor-racing built from a blank sheet of paper. 

In that sense, they are the ultimate development racing drivers and will work as a vital arm of the Alauda Aeronautics engineering team to lead an approach to refine the dynamic and tactical nuances that will make the EXA and Airspeeder races the most compelling and progressive sporting entities in the world. Now, as these historic first remotely piloted Grand Prix races draw nearer, now is the time to reveal the first pilots that will plot a course to victory and a place in the history books of both the dawn of a new sport and a new, bold era in advanced air mobility. 

In Profile: The World’s First Electric Flying Car Racing Pilots 

Emily Dugan, Racing Driver: Emily is Australia’s most successful current racing driver. She has been recognized as a rising star woman in sport. She started in the NSW Excel Racing Series, but soon progressed to becoming the first female driver to race in the Australian V8 Touring Car Series. She has raced at Bathurst where she secured Fastest Lap in the 2016 Challenge Bathurst and has since completed in both the Australian Toyota 86 Racing Series and Kumho Super3 Series. Emily is a hands-on developer of racing cars and regularly works on the mechanical elements of the machines she drives. Emily has enjoyed much success on the track, scoring 12 wins, 33 podiums, and 2 poles in her career. 

Zephatali Walsh, RPAS Pilot: Zephatali is a born competitor. He developed his sporting instincts as a surfer before starting a career that has seen him ascend to being one of the most admired multi-blade pilots in the world. He sees a natural progression between the sports. “The feeling of flying fast with high precision leaves me ecstatic and in awe of experience. I want to surf the air.” He is no stranger to competitive racing in a cutting-edge sport. In 2020, Zephatali was drafted into the Drone Champions League where he competed with Raiden Racing. Like many prospective Airspeeder pilots, his background sits along with the requirements to understand the wider context of the racing he will take part in. Indeed, his path as a student of Environmental Science has developed a fascination with the role that racing plays in creating and accelerating a new clean-air mobility revolution. 

Fabio Tischler, FPV Pilot: Fabio is a world-renowned FPV drone pilot. His work has taken him around the world capturing footage from brands including Red Bull, Toyota, and Go Pro. Fabio’s path to racing is less than conventional. He gave up a corporate career and an education in finance to pursue his dream to unleash the potential of FPV drones to capture incredible content. Originally born and raised in Germany, he relocated to Sydney, Australia in 2015 to pursue a dream to fly drones professionally. He soon built a large social following through the creation of some of the most captivating film content in the business. This drew the attention of Alauda who invited him to become part of EXA.

Testing, Development, and Racing 

This first intake of pilots will undergo a rigorous process of training and development. This will include the logging of over 2000+ collective hours in the Alauda Aeronautics 6-DoF VR simulator, which will mimic an MK4 circuit race within an XR environment. Pilots will stress-test the Mk3 and Mk4 vehicles inside Unreal Engine to simulate racing. 

Through their training programs and the races, they will master the dynamics of the racing vehicle with the same thrust-to-weight ratio as an F16 fighter jet but with the added ability to perform rapid F1 car style hairpin turns. Through uncrewed EXA races and crewed Airspeeder races the latest augmented reality technology will be proven. This will seamlessly display the digital sky tracks that will define race courses in some of the most remote and visually arresting scenery in the world. 

A full suite of safety systems will also be pioneered. A systems-based approach to safety integrating attest LiDAR and RADAR systems in a suite of technologies termed the ‘Virtual Force Field’ will free the pilots to compete in blade-to-blade proximity without the risk of colliding.

Airspeeder Pilots via Airspeeder Press for use by 360 Magazine
Airspeeder Drone via Airspeeder press for use by 360 Magazine

Jankel and WAE Bring EV into

Jankel and Williams Advanced Engineering  collaborate to bring EV technologies and capabilities to the US Defence market

Jankel and Williams Advanced Engineering (WAE) are collaborating to bring EV technologies and capabilities to the US defence market

The partnership will combine complementary technologies and capabilities to help progress military hybrid and electrification projects

The partnership will see Jankel and WAE working on joint projects to electrify legacy and new military fleets across the US DoDJankel, a world-leader in the design and manufacture of high-specification defence, security and NGO protection systems, are collaborating with Williams Advanced Engineering (WAE); born out of the UK Formula 1 Williams Racing Team, to provide services and technologies to prime contractors in the US defence market. The partnership will see Jankel and Williams Advanced Engineering working on joint projects to electrify legacy and new military vehicle fleets across the US DoD.

Jankel’s US South Carolina based company Jankel Tactical Systems takes the lead in the USA with extensive experience designing, manufacturing and delivering vehicle-related technology and integration solutions in the US defence market. Williams Advanced Engineering is renowned for providing world-class technical innovation, engineering and specialist electric vehicle solutions across multiple applications. Proven out in the  Formula E and Extreme E arena, WAE is a pioneer in battery systems, battery management and EV drivetrain solutions across a wide range of sectors including motorsport, transport, mining and defence.

The partnership will combine complementary technologies and capabilities to help progress military hybrid and electrification projects no matter what the size, from a light tactical vehicle to the main battle tank. The experience, innovation and engineering expertise of both companies will be combined to leverage the integration, problem-solving, and tailored approach required to solve the military problem set, essential to help meet the military engineering challenges of the 21st century – mobility, sustainability and efficiency.

Craig Wilson, CEO, Williams Advanced Engineering said: “This partnership is well placed to support the integration and delivery of EV solutions and we look forward to working with the team at Jankel, combining our individual areas of expertise to deliver innovative and advanced solutions for the US defence market”

Andrew Jankel Chairman of the Jankel Group said: “Jankel is historically known around the world for providing outstanding vehicle survivability conversions and complex systems integrations.  However, in line with our new company strategy, we are also expanding our expertise to incorporate advanced technologies including remote autonomous systems, cyber security and platform electrification”. He added: “We are delighted to announce this collaboration with Williams Advanced Engineering to capitalize on some world-leading technologies and bring the very best to the US military by delivering potential EV solutions across its whole range of vehicles both old and new – driving mission success.”

rolls royce image for use by 360 magazine

ROLLS-ROYCE ELECTRIC HISTORY

ROLLS-ROYCE AND ELECTRIC POWER: A PROPHECY, A PROMISE AND AN UNDERTAKING

Electrification has long been promoted as the future of automotive propulsion. Mainstream manufacturers are increasingly embracing hybrid and battery electric vehicle (BEV) technology, supported by the expansion of national charging infrastructures.

To date, Rolls-Royce has communicated its electrification strategy in three simple statements:

  • The marque will introduce an all-electric car this decade (2020 – 2030).
  • This car will be a pure BEV, not a hybrid of any kind.
  • It will be launched only when the time is right, and every element meets Rolls-Royce’s technical, aesthetic and performance standards.

WHY ELECTRIC POWER?

The internal combustion engine (ICE) was not the only, nor the default, means of propulsion for early motor cars at the beginning of the 20th century. Indeed, in the early 1900s engineers and manufacturers initially divided their loyalties precisely between three competing technologies: the ICE, steam power and electricity.

Steam power, though well understood, relatively sophisticated and, at the time, ubiquitous in industry and other forms of transport, quickly proved less practical for use in motor cars. It therefore fell to internal combustion and electricity to vie for supremacy.

Electric power lost the battle for two main reasons: extremely limited range and the absence of a charging infrastructure. A century later, despite significant advances, these remain as barriers to widespread adoption (although increasingly less so), both in terms of technology and consumer perception.

But the characteristics that first drew engineers to electric power – silent operation, instant torque, tremendous power, and the absence of exhaust fumes – remain highly alluring, particularly for luxury motor cars. Indeed, some have speculated that, had he been able to solve the range and charging issues, Sir Henry Royce might have chosen electric power alone for his motor cars.

The innate and perfect suitability of electric power underpins the marque’s explicit commitment to deliver an all-electric Rolls-Royce this decade. In doing so, it can draw on a unique history and heritage; a connection with electric power that pre-dates the company itself, and featuring the main protagonists who would, between them, create the world’s most famous automotive brand – beginning with Sir Henry Royce himself.

SIR HENRY ROYCE

Born in 1863, Henry Royce was one of the world’s first electrical engineers. After his apprenticeship with the Great Northern Railway was cut short for family financial reasons, he worked briefly as a toolmaker at Greenwood & Batley in Leeds, where he first developed an interest in electrical power.

In 1881, he joined the Electric Light & Power Generating Company (EL&PG) in Southwark. During this time, he attended evening classes in electrics at the City & Guilds of London Institute, having received only a year of formal schooling as a child. A year later, aged just 19, he moved to the EL&PG’s new subsidiary, the Lancashire Maxim-Weston Electric Co. Ltd, as Chief Electrician, providing street and theatre lighting to the city of Liverpool. But within two years, the company folded, and the famously driven, hardworking Royce struck out on his own.

His new enterprise, F H Royce & Co, initially made small electrical appliances such as doorbells, lamps, fuses and switches. The business thrived, and was soon producing larger, more complex devices including dynamos, electric motors, and winches. In 1902, Royce supplied electric motors for Pritchett & Gold, a London-based battery-maker that had diversified into building electric cars.

Though Royce himself never built or owned an electric motor car, he created internal combustion engines that delivered the driving experience we associate with electric propulsion today: effortless torque, silent running and the sensation of one continuous, powerful gear. His technical expertise and pioneering achievements underpin the marque’s historical claim as a world leader in electrification in both luxury and social settings.

THE HONOURABLE CHARLES ROLLS

The Hon. Charles Rolls was also a highly gifted engineer; but his enthusiasm for electricity began even earlier in life. When he was just nine years old, he rigged up an electric bell between his bedroom and the stables at The Hendre, the family’s ancestral home in Monmouthshire. He also planned and supervised the installation of electricity in the servants’ quarters; deploying the powers of salesmanship that would later make him world-famous, he persuaded his father, Lord Llangattock, to pay for it.

Rolls’ passion for motor cars was equally precocious. In 1896, aged 18, he travelled to Paris and bought his first car, a 3¾ hp Peugeot Phaeton. Two years later, while still an engineering student at Cambridge, he acquired his only electric-powered car, an American-made vehicle called The Columbia Electric Carriage, imported into the UK by Paris Singer (heir to the sewing machine dynasty) and sold as the ‘City & Suburban’ car. Rolls regarded this as the best then available.

In an interview published in The Motor-Car Journal in April 1900, Rolls described electric propulsion, in terms that, over a century later, carry the ring of prescient prophecy:

The electric car is perfectly noiseless and clean. There is no smell or vibration, and they should become very useful when fixed charging stations can be arranged. But for now, I do not anticipate that they will be very serviceable – at least for many years to come.”

Rolls made his own small contribution to solving the problem, by providing a battery-charging station at his car showroom on Lillie Road in Fulham for the private or rentable electric Broughams that were all the rage in London at the time.

In 1904, Charles Rolls agreed to become an agent for the Contal Electromobile electric car. But on meeting Henry Royce and seeing his new motor car, he cancelled the agreement.

As he correctly predicted, it would be a long time before electric vehicles became truly viable on any scale. But it is tempting to think that had this visionary entrepreneur survived the air crash that claimed his life at the young age of just 32, the day might have come rather sooner.

A SERIES OF CONNECTIONS

While Rolls and Royce are immortalised as the founders, others, perhaps less well-known, were intimately and crucially involved in the events that led to the creation of the Rolls-Royce marque. They, too, were luminaries in the worlds of motoring and electric power around the beginning of the 20th century; history and the marque are indebted to all the following:

HENRY EDMUNDS

In his early career, Henry Royce worked for Brush Electrical Engineering Company Ltd, where he met Henry Edmunds, the company’s engineer. Edmunds earned his place in history when, on 4 May 1904 at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, he announced: “Mr. Royce, may I introduce you to Charles Rolls”.

The man who would be remembered by posterity as ‘The Godfather of Rolls-Royce‘ was a towering figure in his own right. A friend of Joseph Swan (the inventor of the incandescent lightbulb) and Thomas Edison (the inventor of almost everything else), he was a pioneer of electric lighting, traction and telephony, and was present at both the first successful sound recording and telephone call. He also brought into being the world’s first electrified underground railway, when he persuaded the engineer in charge of London’s City & Southwick Railway (now the City branch of the Northern Line) to operate trains powered by electricity rather than steam.

In 1888, Edmunds established W T Glover & Company, which became the world’s leading manufacturer of electricity cabling. In 1894, he supplied lighting cables for a vast dock complex and industrial estate (the world’s first) serving the Manchester Ship Canal: the lighting itself was designed and installed by Henry Royce.

No proof exists that Edmunds played any part in the development of Royce’s motor cars. He was, however, the most experienced motorist among Royce’s friends and colleagues, so presumably offered expert advice and encouragement as Royce painstakingly turned his ideas into reality.

E A CLAREMONT

Conventional wisdom states that Royce co-founded F H Royce & Co with a partner, E A Claremont. However, research has shown that Claremont joined the company some six months after its formation; Royce himself wrote, ‘I was induced to found… a small company in my own name’ and none but his was ever used.

While the original myth may be flawed, it is certainly true that the two men’s careers were closely entwined for many years. Claremont was a partner in F H Royce & Company, Joint Managing Director of F H Royce & Company Limited, Chairman of Royce Limited and the first Chairman of Rolls-Royce Limited; both were also Members of the Institute of Electrical Engineers.

CLAUDE JOHNSON

Broad-shouldered, extroverted and a talented salesman, Johnson was the self-styled ‘Hyphen in Rolls-Royce’. In 1903, he quit his role as secretary of the Automobile Club of Great Britain & Ireland – whose members included the previously mentioned Henry Edmunds – to work for Paris Singer’s City & Suburban Electric Carriage company.

After less than a year, however, Johnson left to join C S Rolls and Co, later becoming Managing Director of Rolls-Royce Ltd. He was responsible for much of the company’s early publicity: in advertisements produced for the UK and US markets, he described Rolls-Royce as ‘a petrol car as smooth and quiet as an electric’. And to complete the symmetry, Paris Singer became the world’s first owner of a Rolls-Royce motor car.

ELECTRIFICATION IN THE GOODWOOD ERA

In the spirit of these founding figures, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars remains an electrification pioneer today. When the first production fully electric Rolls-Royce reaches the market, it will be the culmination of research and development work that has been in progress at the Home of Rolls-Royce at Goodwood, for well over a decade.

2011 – PHANTOM EE (102EX)

In 2011, the marque released Phantom Experimental Electric (EE), codenamed 102EX; a fully operational and road-legal battery-electric version of its pinnacle product.

Phantom EE was never intended for production, serving instead as a working test-bed for clients, VIPs, the media and enthusiasts to experience electric propulsion and share their experiences, thoughts and considerations directly with Rolls-Royce designers and engineers.

The car’s 6.75L V12 petrol engine and gearbox were replaced with a lithium-ion battery pack and two electric motors mounted on the rear sub-frame, connected to a single-speed transmission with integrated differential. This system gave a maximum power output of 290kW and torque of 800Nm, compared to 338kW and maximum torque of 720Nm, delivered at 3,500rpm, for the V12 Phantom of the time.

While Phantom EE drew widespread acclaim for its technical accomplishment, particularly its near-total silence and impressive torque delivery, its limited range, long charging cycles and three-year battery life remained significant hurdles that Rolls-Royce would need to address in order to satisfy the expectations of its clients.

2016 – ROLLS-ROYCE VISION NEXT 100 (103EX)

Launched in 2016, this radically innovative concept car set out to define the marque’s long-term vision of luxury mobility. It presented the motor car as offering truly individualized personal mobility, and an immersive emotional and sensory experience.

103EX was built around four key design tenets:

Coachbuilt bodywork will allow clients to commission a car that reflects their personal vision. A virtual assistant and chauffeur powered by artificial intelligence offer an effortless journey. The interior creates a Grand Sanctuary, crafted from rare and exclusive materials. And with its size and scale – 5.9 meters long and 1.6 meters high – the car ensures a Grand Arrival on reaching its destination.

Built on an advanced lightweight platform and powered by a proprietary, all-electric drive train, the motor car is completely autonomous.

The EX-suffix confirms that 103EX was a purely experimental car, never destined to enter production. Following a spectacular debut in London, the car embarked on a three-year world tour, returning to the Home of Rolls-Royce at Goodwood in 2019.

Learn more about RR HERE.

Aiways U5 – Feel the Energy

E-Cannonball 2021 – the Aiways U5 SUV “feels the energy”

Aiways takes part in the top-class E-Cannonball rally through Germany with the battery-electric U5 SUV

Influencer and model Nicola Cavanis drives an Aiways U5 and takes her 860,000 followers with her for the journey from Berlin to Munich

Aiways U5 SUV – safe, efficient, and comfortable

Sales partner Euronics is the main sponsor of the event and is sending another Aiways U5 SUV to the start

A factory standard Aiways U5 SUV, a team from Euronics, and a private customer team will enter the now legendary E-Cannonball rally on Saturday, 25th September in Berlin.

Along the route from Brandenburg, Berlin to Munich, this year’s participants will be making scheduled pitstops in Mühlhausen / Thuringia and in Bayreuth / Bavaria. The E-Cannonball is an endurance drive during which each participant tries to achieve the optimal ratio between driving speed / energy consumption and charging speed/battery size. The deciding factor will therefore be the individual teams’ tactics to find the ‘sweet spot’, meaning drivers will not be able to rely on the engine power or battery size of their EVs. Instead, the most efficient driving style, route selection, availability of charging stations, and traffic conditions will be the deciding factors.

The factory standard Aiways U5 SUV will be driven for the first time by Nicola Cavanis. The young woman from Munich, who is usually seen on the catwalks of the fashion world for Louisa Models, is looking forward to this ambitious task in a battery-electric vehicle. “I am really looking forward to this exciting challenge, especially driving more efficiently and economically. But I also have respect for the length of the journey and for the unpredictable roads and conditions,” said the 22-year-old model. “Of course, I will take my 860,000 followers with me on the trip, I am grateful for any helpful tips and will report regularly from the car,” continues the ambitious influencer.

Dr. Alexander Klose, Executive Vice President of Overseas Operations for Aiways said: “I am thrilled that three Aiways U5 SUVs are taking part in the E-Cannonball, particularly as one is a customer team.  It shows that we are on the right track with our range of vehicles and that our brand is growing in popularity among the EV sector. We pride ourselves on offering an affordable entry point into the electric vehicle market, especially since we are a young brand.  As we bring a new product to the European market each year, we hope to continue developing our customer base.”

Klose continues: “Nevertheless, I keep my fingers crossed for all the teams on the trip and wish them all success. Everyone should have enough incentive: after all, when else could you show your taillights to the former Formula 1 driver Heinz Harald Frentzen, who is also participating?”

From € 35,993 * the Aiways U5 SUV offers a convincing price-performance ratio, covering  400 km on a single charge. On longer journeys, such as the E-Cannonball, the Aiways U5 SUV will be able to recharge its battery from 30% to 80% in just 27 minutes. The bright and spacious interior of the Aiways U5 SUV will also impress on this long-distance journey. The SUV has been designed to offer the best-in-class space ensuring a comfortable ride for all passengers, the cabin alone provides up to 970mm of legroom. All safety features of the Aiways U5 SUV are operated easily and intuitively on the large, central infotainment screen. Innovative driver assistance systems including the lane departure warning system, the blind spot warning system, and the emergency braking assistant come as standard.

Euronics has been the exclusive German sales partner of the Aiways U5 electric SUV since 2020, making them the first electric retailer in Germany to sell electric vehicles as well as offering additional services. Euronics’ sponsorship of the E-Cannonball expands their brand awareness and aptitude in the field of electromobility.

“The Aiways U5 electric SUV is very important for Euronics and our commitment to electric mobility. As its exclusive sales partner, we are thrilled to be going on the e-mobility offensive again this year and to show that the driving range of electric cars has long ceased to be a problem, ”says Phillipp Neuffer, Head of Multichannel Marketing at EURONICS, who is also at E-Cannonball attends.

Everrati Dubutes Electric Porsche

Everrati Automotive Limited, a leading technology company specializing in the redefining and futureproofing of automotive icons through the integration of the very latest electric vehicle (EV) powertrains, is debuting its new Porsche Gulf Signature Edition, an electric supercar based upon a fully restored Porsche 911 (964), at Salon Privé Concours d’Elégance.

Showcasing some of the automotive industry’s most exclusive and desirable creations, the Salon Privé Concours d’Elégance is renowned for its spectacular setting at Blenheim Palace, deep in the heart of the Oxfordshire countryside. The idyllic venue brings together automobiles from all eras, from vintage classics to modern supercars and racing legends. This year, Everrati is taking pride in displaying the Gulf Signature Edition for the first time to the public, alongside its electrified version of the legendary GT40, created in partnership with Superformance.

Featuring carbon fiber body elements and a state-of-the-art EV powertrain, the Porsche Gulf Signature Edition can deliver an emission-free driving range of more than 180 miles and sub-4-second 0-62mph acceleration. The EV powertrain, which has its power delivery optimized specifically for the Gulf Signature Edition, is coupled to a 53kWh battery pack and advanced battery management system.

Sending 500bhp to the rear wheels, the new Porsche Gulf Signature Edition has more than double the power output of an original 1990’s Porsche 964. With 500Nm delivered instantly, the car can accelerate to 62mph in less than four seconds. This blistering acceleration is accompanied by a 180-mile range, dependent on driving style.

As part of Everrati’s partnership with Gulf International, the Porsche Gulf Signature Edition is instantly identifiable by its timeless Gulf orange and blue race car livery as easily one of the most respected and celebrated color schemes in all of motorsport.

A globally recognized and trusted brand, Gulf, traditionally known as a downstream oil company, is synonymous around the world with high-quality products, innovation and technical excellence, but is now actively moving into the e-mobility/electric vehicles sector aligning directly with Everrati’s attributes.

Justin Lunny, Founder & CEO of Everrati Automotive Limited said: “Everrati redefines some of the world’s most iconic cars enabling them to be driven and enjoyed with a clean future. We are proud to showcase the first of our Gulf-liveried creations based upon an electrified and redefined Porsche 911 (964) at Salon Privé, alongside some true legends of the industry. The combination of Gulf’s stunning blue and orange livery and our state-of-the-art EV powertrain makes our Signature Edition a truly exceptional zero-emission supercar.”

About Everrati

Everrati was founded in 2019 by British entrepreneur Justin Lunny and long-term automotive specialist Nick Williams. Both car enthusiasts from an early age, they became increasingly conscious of the wider impact combustion engines have on the environment. Everrati was launched with the vision of restoring iconic models from an earlier era and converting them to electric propulsion.

Everrati’s model line-up consists of electric versions of the Porsche 911 (964) Coupe and Targa models, 911 (964) Gulf Signature Edition, Land Rover Series IIA, Mercedes-Benz SL Pagoda and GT40. Everrati designs, develops and builds its cars from a bespoke facility in Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire.

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