Posts tagged with "Laws"

gun violence image for 360 magazine by Kaelen Felix

Motherhood Does Not Drive Support For Gun Control

A recent study has found that moms are not more likely than other women to support gun control efforts. In fact, this new study finds that parenthood doesn’t have a substantial effect on the gun control views of men or women.

“Everybody ‘knows’ that moms are more politically liberal on gun control issues,” says Steven Greene, corresponding author of the study and a professor of political science at North Carolina State University. “We wanted to know if that’s actually true. And, as it turns out, it’s not true – which was surprising.”

To explore the impact of parenthood on people’s gun control views, the researchers drew on data collected by the Pew Center for Research in 2017 as part of Pew’s nationally representative American Trends Panel. The researchers then used statistical models to account for various confounding variables, such as political affiliation, allowing them to focus specifically on the effect that parenthood has on one’s beliefs regarding gun control.

The Pew surveys had examined a range of issues pertaining to gun control. Across the board, men were substantially more politically conservative than women on questions related to gun laws and regulations. In other words, men were more likely to favor fewer regulations and laxer legal requirements when it comes to guns.

On four of the gun control issues, parenthood had no statistical impact at all – meaning that the positions of moms were no different from the positions of women who weren’t parents, and the positions of dads were no different from the positions of men who weren’t parents. Those four issues pertained to: gun ownership, or how permissive gun ownership laws should be; home safety, or laws pertaining to how guns and ammunition are stored or secured in the home; teachers and guns, or whether school personnel should carry firearms; and whether stricter gun laws would reduce mass shootings.

However, parenthood did have a small – but statistically significant – impact on two other gun control issues.

Mothers were actually more politically conservative than other women on the issue of gun strictness – meaning that moms were slightly more likely to support less restrictive gun laws.

And fathers were more politically conservative than other men on the issue of gun prevalence – meaning they were slightly more likely to believe that more people should be allowed to own guns, and guns should be allowed in more places.

“When we talk about political movements and efforts to change laws, it’s important to have a clear, accurate sense of where people stand on the relevant issues,” Greene says. “Using the potent symbolism of motherhood in America in order advance a political agenda, in this case, is actually ignoring the fact that positions on gun control are virtually identical for women across the board. There is some minor variation, but even there, it actually suggests that mothers are less supportive of restrictive gun laws.

“To be clear, most women – including most moms – support more restrictive gun laws. But it’s not because they’re parents.” In conclusion, there is no true correlation between how adults feel about gun laws and if they are a parent.

The paper, “Do moms demand action on guns? Parenthood and gun policy attitudes,” appears in the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties. The paper was co-authored by Melissa Deckman, of Washington College; Laurel Elder, of Hartwick College; and Mary-Kate Lizotte, of Augusta University.

“Do moms demand action on guns? Parenthood and gun policy attitudes”

Authors: Steven Greene, North Carolina State University; Melissa Deckman, Washington College; Laurel Elder, Hartwick College; and Mary-Kate Lizotte, Augusta University

Published: Dec. 28, 2020, Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties

DOI: 10.1080/17457289.2020.1862130

Abstract: The idea that motherhood primes women to support stronger gun control policy permeates our contemporary politics. Motherhood shapes views on a variety of issues, but the question remains whether mothers hold distinctive views on gun control policies relative to their non-parent peers. We draw on 2017 Pew Research Center data to explore the ways gender, parenthood, and race intersect to shape attitudes on gun policy in the post-Sandy Hook era when gun violence has become prominently linked with schools and children, and during a time when the Black Lives Matter movement has drawn national attention to the relationship of gun violence and racial inequality. Most notably, we find that contemporary depictions of mothers as a distinctively pro-gun control constituency are largely inaccurate. The very real gender gap in gun policy attitudes appears to be falsely attributed to motherhood, rather than gender. We also find very little impact of parenthood for men. Finally, we generally fail to see much relationship between race, parenthood, and gun attitudes. Overall, despite common belief and media reporting to the contrary, the story is very much one where parenthood seems to play little role in gun policy attitudes.

Kaelen Felix illustrates truck article for 360 Magazine

7 Things to Know about Car Window Tinting: From Cost to Legal

In 2019, the window tinting industry was worth over $9 billion and is expected to grow 4% by 2027.

Car window tinting has a wealth of benefits from improving a car’s appearance to protecting passengers from harmful UV rays. But that’s not all, there’s plenty to familiarize yourself with before getting it installed.

If you want to learn more about car window tinting cost and other features, you’ve come to the right place. Here are seven things you need to know.

What Is Car Window Tinting?

Before asking yourself “should I tint my car windows?”, it’s important to understand what the process consists of. Mechanics apply car window tint, a transparent film, over a vehicle’s windows, mostly for functional purposes. 

Window tinting has soared in popularity because you can choose the thickness and material depending on your preference. For example, dyed car window tinting and looks dark but without the UV protection associated with other options.

You can also choose metalized tint where the film is blended with tiny bits of metal so the window blocks UV rays and becomes more reflective. Or perhaps you’d prefer carbon tint which has a matte texture to keep your car cooler because carbon is less prone to fade or crack in excessive heat. This option is popular in hotter climates.

Other mid-range options include hybrid and crystalline tint which come in increasing thickness from transparent to opaque. But if money’s no problem, treat your vehicle to a ceramic tint as it blocks almost 50% of heat emitted by solar rays and 99.9% of UV exposure so it protects the interior. 

“How much to tint car windows?” You ask. 

In terms of car window tinting cost, it varies depending on the size of the windows and the material you want. On average, a basic, non-reflective film is around $100 to $600 whereas a premium option can be in the $800 range.

Car Window Tinting Facts

Before taking the plunge, figure out why you want car window tinting whether it’s for privacy reasons or style. When you have a clear idea, you can choose the right material for your vehicle. Here are other reasons to choose window tinting.

1. Protects Interior from Sun Exposure

When the sun’s harmful rays beat through the window, the radiation becomes more intense which can ruin the dashboard, seats, and other upholstery. If this happens for an extended period, the material will fade or crack and need to be replaced.
But an affordable preventative measure is installing an automotive window film as it’ll extend the lifespan of your vehicle’s interior. It’ll also help retain your car’s value which is useful if you’re planning to sell. 

UV rays can also damage your skin even when it beams through the glass. To prevent skin cancer or sunburn, apply window tinting because it’s designed to block UV rays.

2. Keeps Your Car Cooler

Before you Google “car window tinting near me”, consider how hot your vehicle gets on a summer afternoon.

IR (known as infrared radiation) causes your vehicle to heat up but it’s possible to lower the temperature without turning on the AC. Simply install a window tinting film because it blocks 50% of IR so you and your fellow passengers have a cool, comfortable ride.

3. Laws Differ from State to State 

You may wonder “is tinting car windows illegal?” and the answer depends on where you live. Although window tints aren’t fully illegal anywhere, several states forbid tinted windshields or front windows.
Because the window tinting laws vary between states you must find out more so you don’t face hefty fines. 

4. Shattered Glass Protection

An underrated advantage of car window tints is how it protects your vehicle. The film is designed to keep the glass intact even if an object hits against it or a thief tries to break in.
The film’s strength is especially crucial if you’re involved in an accident because it protects the passengers from flying shards of glass.

5. Gives You Privacy 

Install window tints if you want privacy. Although no one can see into the vehicle, you still get a clear view of the outside so it doesn’t compromise your driving.

Privacy is important if you’re worried about thieves as it stops people from looking in your back seat, useful if you accidentally left behind a wallet or phone.

6. Cost-Effective

Another advantage of window tinting is its energy energy-efficiency so you don’t need to crank up the AC or heat. Simply pay a one-time installation payment so your car automatically cools or heats up. As a result, your battery lasts longer and you save on fuel.

7. Improves Your Vehicle’s Aesthetic 

Many drivers want a car that not only functions well but looks stylish. An easy way to elevate your vehicle’s aesthetic is getting car window tints as the darker appearance looks sleeker. Plus, choosing the right tint can improve an older car’s appearance.

That’s Everything About Car Window Tinting Cost to the Law

Now you know about car window tinting cost and advantages.
Before installing the window film, check your state’s laws to see which windows you can cover along with the percentage. Window tinting is not only affordable but it improves your car’s aesthetic, protects passengers, and gives you more privacy to prevent break-ins.

But make sure it’s professionally applied because mechanics have the tools and expertise to do a fantastic job. Happy tinting!

Did you find this article useful? If so, check out our posts on everything from Fashion to Culture. 

Kaelen Felix Illustrates a Drug Article for 360 MAGAZINE

Oregon Decriminalizes Drugs

By Justin Lyons

This year’s election will go down as a legendary one in the history of the United States of America, and for some of the bigger fights, the country still doesn’t have an answer.

Where answers do exist seem to be in propositions and measures, and the big winners are those hoping for the decriminalization of drugs. Mississippi, New Jersey, South Dakota, Montana and Arizona all approved the legalization of recreational marijuana.

The biggest victory for those in favor of drug decriminalization probably came in Oregon, where the penalty for small amounts of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and other drugs was lessened.

According to Ballotpedia, Oregon’s Measure 110 would reclassify the possession of controlled substances such as those listed above from a Class A misdemeanor to a Class E violation, which would result in a $100 fine or the necessity of a “completed health assessment.”

The Oregon Criminal Justice Commission estimated that convictions for possession would decrease by 90.7%.

Addiction recovery centers conduct the health assessments, which will include a screening from a certified alcohol and drug counselor and must be completed within 45 days of the Class E violation.

The funds for the assessments and the recovery programs will come from the Oregon Marijuana Account and money the state of Oregon saves from reductions in arrests, incarceration and official supervision. The recovery centers will provide treatment 24 hours per day along with health assessments, intervention plans, case management services and peer support and outreach.

The possession quantity of the now decriminalized drugs to be classified as a Class E violation are as follows: one gram of heroin or less, two grams of cocaine or less, two grams of methamphetamine or less, one gram or five pills of MDMA or less, 40 or fewer user units of LSD, less than 12 grams of psilocybin, fewer than 40 user units of methadone and fewer than 40 pills, tables or capsules of oxycodone.

A person carrying more than the specified amounts may face a misdemeanor with less than a year imprisonment, a $6,250 fine or both.

According to Yes on Measure 110, more than 125 Oregon-based organizations endorsed the measure, including Oregon Chapter of the American College of Physicians, Oregon Nurses Association, Oregon School Psychologists’ Association and Law Enforcement Action Partnership.

Ballotpedia also said the Democratic Party of Oregon, Multnomah Democrats and Working Families Party of Oregon support the bill, right alongside 11-time-GRAMMY-Award-Winning artist John Legend.

The measure is to be implemented no later than Feb. 1 of 2021.

Who Is at Fault in a Rear End Collision in Texas?

In rear end collisions, there is generally only one person at fault, at least by 51%: the driver who did the rear-ending. So, in most cases in Texas, the driver who does the rear-ending is going to end up with their insurance company covering the costs and them being liable for further damages. 

If you’ve been rear-ended and the other driver was at fault, it’s crucial to collect information about the driver at the scene. You can follow the link to learn more about the steps you need to take after a vehicle accident. You will need any evidence you can collect if you need to prove fault in court. 

Texas vehicle accident liability laws fall under the category of “comparative fault,” whereby each driver is liable based on the percentage by which they were responsible for the crash. In this state, If one driver is determined to be more than 51% at fault for the accident, that driver is not eligible to receive any compensation from liability damages. 

What are the laws regarding rear-end accidents in Texas?

Any car accident is a huge pain to deal with. Even if no one is hurt, damage to one car or another can open you up to liabilities and lengthy civil suits. In 2019, the Texas Department of Transportation’s Motor Vehicle Traffic Deaths report estimated that vehicle accidents caused over $39 billion in damages. Even more troubling were the 3,610 lives lost in the same year in Texas due to car accidents.

Before you get behind the wheel of a car in Texas, you are legally obligated to carry insurance. This insurance will, by law, carry a minimum coverage limit of $25,000 in property damage and $30,000 in bodily injury per person, or $60,000 in bodily injury per accident. This is the bare minimum, and your  insurance coverage may go higher. 

What kind of follow-up should I do if I’ve been rear-ended?

If you have been rear-ended, and particularly if there has been some substantial damage to your person or vehicle as a result of the accident, you should contact a personal injury lawyer who has handled cases like yours. They can give you some sense of what to expect and deal with the insurance companies. It is not a good idea to deal with the insurance company of the at-fault driver yourself. 

Why? In short, the insurance company of the driver who is at fault is probably going to try to shortchange you on the settlement offer. If you get yourself a good attorney who deals with the insurance company directly, not only will you likely receive a higher settlement offer, you will also have a decent chance at a successful suit. 

What should I do if I am the guilty party?

If you rear-ended someone in Texas, the possibility that you’ll be found liable is rather high. It is always a good idea to hire legal counsel to represent you if you find yourself on the wrong end of a civil lawsuit, because a case like this can drag on for months if not years. 

There are ways that you and your attorney can put together a case to argue that you weren’t at fault:

  • If the car that you struck stopped suddenly, in a move that is illegal on the road, you could make a case that you are less than 51% at fault, or even not at all at fault 
  • If the driver you struck drove erratically, swerved in front of you, you have a stronger case 
  • If the other driver was intoxicated, your case becomes quite a bit easier. However, even if the other driver is arrested for a DUI, you may still want to retain outside counsel to ensure that you can recover as much damages as possible.
  • You may also be able to demonstrate a mechanical failure in the car, such as a sudden brake problem or electrical issue that rendered braking impossible

No matter who is at fault in an accident, your attorneys may still be able to negotiate a better deal for you. A lawyer will also be able to give you an accurate value of the damages so you won’t be left short of what you need to cover the bills. 

AFJ Applauds Sens. Booker

Following the announcement that Sens. Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Kamala Harris (D-CA) will join the Senate Judiciary Committee, Alliance for Justice President Nan Aron released the following statement: 

“We are delighted that Sens. Booker and Harris will be joining the Senate Judiciary Committee as it takes up its critical work in the new year. These two Senators are champions for fair courts and access to justice for all, and will bring experience, intellect and discernment, as well as diversity, to the committee.  We look forward to their valuable input as the committee makes decisions about the men and women who will be given lifetime appointments to the federal bench and performs its critical oversight role with regard to the justice system that meant to protect all our rights.”