Posts tagged with "cannabinoids"

new candy illustration by Rita Azar by 360 Magazine

Timing Your CBD Gummy Ingestion

How Long Until CBD Gummies Kick In? And How Long Do They Last?

It’s no secret that CBD gummies are everywhere these days. Still, many people are hesitant to use gummies in place of a standard CBD oil tincture. One of the most significant factors that stop people from feeling comfortable with things like CBD gummies, is the lack of certainty about how long they take to kick in.

So, how long should it take before CBD gummies kick in, and how long can you expect them to last? Let’s take a look.

What Are CBD Gummies?

CBD gummies are a particularly interesting form of CBD because they are one of the few types that users directly ingest. While other forms of CBD involve direct absorption (i.e. sublingually or topically), CBD gummies are exposed to the digestive metabolic process. This can make it tough when it comes to figuring out how long gummies take to kick in.

How Long Until The CBD Gummies Kick In?

A whole host of different factors, from biological and genetic to environmental and dietary, impact the expected time it can take for CBD gummies to start working. A big factor is the fact that CBD gummies are imbibed orally by ingesting them. This means that their expected time to take effect can vary pretty drastically depending on when the user last ate.

More food sitting in their stomach waiting to digest means a longer wait before the effects are noticed. Furthermore, everyone has an individual rate of metabolism, which will control the rate that the CBD is absorbed.

Weight is another issue – CBD is fat-soluble, which means that it will tend to stick to fat molecules. Those that carry around a bit of extra weight might find that their CBD gummies take longer to take effect.

Finally, the actual CBD composition of the gummy plays a considerable role. Stronger CBD gummies will last longer, but their effects might take awhile to peak due to their prolific intensity.

How Long Will The CBD Gummy Last?

The rate that CBD lasts in the human body is dependent on its half-life, which is how long the body takes to work through half of the concentration of CBD. Unfortunately, the exact half-life of CBD has not yet been accurately pinpointed. Some studies shows that it can vary considerably based on the method of consumption.

On average, the half-life of CBD seems to be between 10 hours and 24 hours, though this is again entirely based on the method of consumption.

Final Thoughts: How Long Until CBD Gummies Kick In, And How Long They Last

Lots of new people are starting to try CBD gummies, especially in the UK, as the market has really blossomed in the last decade. Unfortunately, it is nearly impossible to pin down the specific amount of time that CBD gummies take for their effect to take hold. A combination of weight, metabolism, the CBD’s strength, and even just individual genetics govern pretty much every aspect.

CBD Health illustration for 360 Magazine

How to Become a New CBD Oil Distributor in the UK

Ever taken a look at the burgeoning CBD market in the UK and wanted to see if it was possible to become a distributor? It’s now possible to sell the best CBD oils in the UK.

CBD oils in the UK have blossomed in the last decade, with more and more people making and selling them. But how difficult is it to get started in the industry? How does someone become a new distributor?

First Steps to Becoming a CBD Oil Distributor: Legality

The first–and frankly the most important–thing a new CBD oil distributor needs to know is the local laws regarding the sale and possession of CBD oil. While most people are familiar with the legally permissible quantity of THC in CBD oil products, those planning to become a distributor need to know a whole lot more.

For instance, CBD oil distributors are likely going to want to advertise their services somehow, mostly through internet ads. Unlike many other industries, the sale of CBD oil is heavily restricted when it comes to advertisements.

Prospective distributors can’t ever claim specific medical benefits surrounding CBD oil, nor can they hope to get away with making statements that cannot be substantiated with scholarly evidence.

In advertising and selling, CBD products are held to a much stricter standard than most products. Ensure that you have a complete understanding of the laws surrounding advertisements and storage of CBD products.

Building a Brand: How to Become Recognized & Known in the CBD Community

While CBD oil products used to be a pretty rare sight in the UK, there are now more brands than one could have imagined.

This is great for the consumer but is actually a big issue for new distributors, as it means that there is a tremendous amount of competition. Not only is there plenty of competition, but many of the most successful brands have existed for years now. This means that they are recognized and expected to be of consistently high quality.

As a new CBD oil distributor, the way to overcome this is with diverse, innovative packaging and strong brand awareness.

This is the kind of thing that requires a considerable amount of research and effort to get right. Any new entrant into this industry requires super strong branding and in-depth knowledge of social media.

Consider launching a variety of social media platforms, as well as hiring someone to manage them for the company.

It can be especially difficult to run a distribution company while also managing a social media presence, so hiring someone to take care of that for the company could be a big help.

Furthermore, try and build up the brand’s image any way possible; if customers don’t recognize the brand, then they won’t be likely to buy from it, no matter what it is selling.

Perhaps the Most Important: Only Sell Great Products

The most crucial part of becoming a new CBD oil distributor, and indeed starting any business in any industry, is to sell only high-quality products.

There are all sorts of lower quality, cheaper alternatives out there for CBD products, but they won’t help you build an exciting and successful brand.

After all, studies have shown that stronger and better quality CBD oil products tend to offer a much better effect. This is well-known to consumers, and so people won’t be inclined to come back to a CBD oil brand if they don’t feel like they can trust what’s being sold.

There is a lot to learn and understand about building a brand, the legal issues of cannabinoids, and the logistics of CBD in the UK. However, it all comes secondary to the quality of the products being offered.

If a new CBD oil distribution brand doesn’t offer great stuff, then people won’t be inclined to try it, nor will they come back after giving it a chance.

It can be really difficult. In fact, it seems almost impossible, but becoming a CBD oil distributor in the UK is certainly possible if the brand focuses on selling only the best stuff they can find.


How to Make a Sploof [Guide]

Even though millions of Americans and almost all Canadian adults are legally allowed to use cannabis, not everyone is comfortable advertising the fact. If you live in a rented property, likely, your landlord isn’t happy to have stoner tenants stinking out their investment! Perhaps you have neighbors who complain about the whiff, or else you don’t want your parents knowing what’s going on in your room.

Whatever the reason, having a method of filtering out the smell of weed as you smoke is invaluable. As it happens, there is such a device! It is called a ‘sploof,’ and those who have made one swear that it is effective.

Why Does Marijuana Smoke Stink?

Before we learn how to make a sploof, let’s take a quick look at why your pot has such a distinctive scent. The age of the marijuana plant when harvested is arguably the most crucial factor. When weed is harvested earlier in its life cycle, it tends to have a less skunky aroma, especially when smoked. If you smoke cannabis that is ‘older’ before being cured and dried, it usually emits a more pungent odor.

There are thousands of strains, some of which have very distinctive scents. However, for the uninitiated, the dried cannabis plant offers a piney skunk aroma when lit and smoked. In the main, you’ll ascertain the difference between strains before combustion. Herb connoisseurs love the fresh scent of marijuana when they first purchase it. At this stage, it can have an array of odors, including lemon, lime, strawberry, diesel, plum, or pine.

Overall, you can thank the hundreds of terpenes contained in cannabis for its overall scent. You will find the terpenes secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids such as CBD and THC. These oils help distinguish one strain from another. Repeating isoprene molecules make up terpenes. As a result, they are volatile, easily combustible compounds. The traditional method of smoking cannabis typically results in the combustion of terpenes.

The skunky aroma you get from weed potentially comes from a metabolic product of a precursor to acetyl coenzyme A. This particular fragment has a smell akin to that of appalling sewer gas. If this theory is correct, it helps explain why we get such a strong scent from combusted marijuana. Others claim that myrcene, one of the most predominant terpenes in a large variety of strains, plays a significant role in providing the skunky aroma.

If you have ever smoked marijuana, especially in a room with a few other people, you’ll know that the stink sticks to your skin, clothing, and hair. The odor mixes with the scents of smoke and fire and intensifies the natural odors (such as sweat) that we naturally produce. When you create a sploof, however, you can avoid all of this unwanted drama.

What Is a Sploof?

It is a homemade device that allows you to neutralize the telltale marijuana odor. While you are free to purchase one online, making one is quick, easy, and cheap, as you’ll see a little later on. When you smoke a blunt or joint, you release the smoke into the air. When you blow the smoke into a sploof, the smoke goes through a filtering agent and loses its famous stench.

As for the origins of the term, it is probably a combination of the words ‘spliff’ and ‘spoof.’ In case you were not aware, a spliff is a combination of tobacco and marijuana flower. If this prospect horrifies you, steer clear of Western Europe and the Caribbean because spliffs remain extremely popular in both regions! A spoof is a trick played on someone, although a ‘spoofer’ is an individual who bluffs and generally talks nonsense!

There is no good reason NOT to use a sploof and several reasons why you should:

  • A sploof is incredibly easy to make.
  • It filters out the smell of marijuana smoke, which makes it harder to detect.
  • It gives you a higher chance of enjoying a private session without your mom/landlord/partner/police finding out.
  • The smell doesn’t linger, so you don’t leave ‘evidence’ of your activities behind.

How to Make a DIY Sploof

To create a sploof, you need the following:

  • Scented dryer sheets
  • A paper towel tube or toilet paper roll tube
  • Rubber band, tape, or string
  • A pair of sharp scissors or a blade
  • A filtering agent such as activated carbon – not strictly essential but it makes a HUGE difference

Why do we need these ingredients?

Scented Dryer Sheets

It is highly likely that you have scented dryer sheets in your house. The infused odor helps hide the smell of marijuana smoke. Also, the thick weave of the material traps molecules that result in the well-known weed aroma. If you don’t have sheets at home, spend a few bucks and buy a packet.

Toilet Roll or Paper Towel Tube

We’re going to assume that you have toilet roll or paper towels in your home! Ideally, you’ll wait until you finish the paper. Otherwise, you have to waste it because you need the paper tube. Get rid of any tiny bits of paper that inevitably get stuck to the container before you begin. This tube is what you blow the smoke into.

The tape/rubber band/string is required to ensure the scented dryer sheets remain in place. You can use a plastic bottle as an alternative to the toilet paper tube.

Filtering Agent

Most DIY sploofs don’t bother with a filtering agent because the scented dryer sheet does a good enough job. However, adding something like activated carbon to the mix increases the effectiveness and longevity of your sploof.

The charcoal is extremely porous to the point where a gram has an actual surface area of approximately 3,000 square meters as determined by gas adsorption, despite being tiny! Incidentally, ‘adsorption’ relates to the adhesion of ions, molecules, or atoms from a dissolved solid, liquid, or gas to a solid surface. It means the charcoal has an incredible capacity to trap and hold the odorous molecules. Best of all, activated charcoal is easy to obtain and extremely inexpensive.

Making a Sploof – Step-by-Step

Now that you have the necessary ‘ingredients,’ it is time to create your magical marijuana smoke filtering device!

  1. Remove the remaining paper from the paper towel or toilet roll tube. If you are using a plastic bottle, cut it in half and keep the top part.
  2. Fill the inside of the tube or bottle with dryer sheets. As it isn’t necessary to pack them in tightly, you shouldn’t need more than four sheets.
  3. Take another dryer sheet, fold it, and put it over the end of the sploof. Secure it with string, tape, or a rubber band. At this point, your sploof is ready to go. Blow the smoke into the open end, and marvel at how your device filters the smell.
  4. If you are using activated charcoal, put it into the sploof after completing step #2. You only need to add a small amount. Then you tie the dryer sheet over the end.

That’s it! Once you have the requisite material, you can create a sploof in a matter of minutes.

Final Thoughts on Making a Sploof At Home

There are plenty of options if your goal is to control the odor emitted when smoking marijuana. Expensive choices include investing in an air filter or purifier. More affordable options include burning incense (although it is often associated with smoking weed), lighting scented candles, opening a window, and spraying everything in the room with Febreze!

However, there is no need to go through any of the above stress if you build a sploof. Among its many benefits is its versatility. As it is a container with holes at both ends, you have a variety of options. Apart from using a paper toilet roll tube or plastic bottle, you could also invest in a PVC pipe which will unquestionably last longer.

As for how long your sploof will last overall, it depends on the materials you use. The ‘classic’ option will lose its neutralizing power eventually. The precise longevity depends on how often you smoke, but you know it is time to change when you notice the odor of cannabis creeping into the room despite using the sploof. You might also see that the dryer sheets change color.

As you are using household items, throw your old sploof away and make a new one! 

CBD: An Alternative to Prescription Drugs?

In the modern world, our first approach to treating an illness is to find the most suitable pharmaceutical drug, which we typically get either over-the-counter or on prescription. However, while these medicines are normally effective, they can unlock a whole new box of issues, including dependency and side effects.

Becoming reliant on medication can be mentally unsettling, and nasty side effects like nausea and dizziness typically require further treatment, leaving patients on a cocktail of pharmaceutical-grade drugs before they know it.

In the case of opioid painkillers, dependency may even be life-threatening, with the risk of overdose frighteningly high. In 2016, abuse of prescription opioid painkillers and recreational opiates accounted for more than 40,000 US lives, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

This cycle of illness, drugs, side effects and more drugs is wearing thin with many, and combined with the new wave of medical cannabis science, a clear divide has formed between those who favor prescription drugs, and those who’d rather take natural, plant-based medicines.

From a historical perspective, medicinal cannabis use makes perfect sense, with the herb being used for millennia across the world, but particularly in Africa and Asia.

Technological advancements have greatly developed our knowledge of cannabis, and scientists now know which compounds are responsible for various effects. For example, the psychoactive “high” mostly comes from a therapeutic cannabinoid called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, numerous other cannabinoids have medicinal properties, sans the hallucinogenic effects.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most studied and seemingly most useful non-intoxicating cannabinoid, and the market for CBD products has exploded in the 2010s, thanks in part to the relaxation of laws surrounding non-psychoactive hemp.

CBD over opioids
Opioid-based painkillers like Tramadol are now regularly prescribed for chronic pain, with stronger synthetic drugs such as fentanyl available on prescription for the most extreme discomfort. These drugs are designed to interact with opioid receptors in the opioid system. The pain relief from these drugs is substantial, however sustained use leads to increased tolerance, stronger doses and addiction.

However, CBD may be helpful for chronic patients, and also those who have ended up dependent on opioids, as the cannabinoid seems to exhibit anti-addiction properties by interfering with pleasure-reward mechanisms.

By elevating concentrations of anandamide in the body, CBD is promoting a neurotransmitter that works to ease both physical and mental pain. How CBD tackles addiction is less clear, but some evidence indicates that CBD is active in the opioid system.

Not all pain is the same – for example, some chronic pain is persistent and always at a similar intensity, whereas the worst effects of inflammatory and neuropathic pain tend to come from flare-ups.

For internal neuropathic pain, CBD vape oil and e-liquid treatment is ideal, because the relief comes very quickly. Meanwhile, lingering pain is economically and perhaps more efficiently managed by orally-consumed CBD products (e.g. capsules, edibles, coffee).

Experimenting with gels, creams and balms infused with cannabis or CBD is a novel method of coping with localized pain. These ensure that the cannabinoid receptors in the affected area are directly activated.

If you’re unsure where to start searching for the right CBD product and form for your pain or you simply can’t decide with the long list of options, you can click here to learn more.

CBD: the new anti-inflammatory drug?
Immune system response is still not well that understood, and this has made it difficult to control. Researchers have struggled to find ways of influencing inflammation, but studies into the endocannabinoid system have found that immune system response is accessible via cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). Endocannabinoids look to signal a stoppage in inflammation, after a wound has fully healed or an infection is neutralized.

This discovery may be crucial, as the current leading class of anti-inflammatories (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs) are known to cause concerning side effects, including stomach ulcers.

The best CBD product for inflammation depends, unsurprisingly on the type of inflammation. Internal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which could be exacerbated by endocannabinoid deficiency, respond well to both CBD vape juice and CBD edibles, or even tincture oils.

For osteoarthritis, a form of inflammation which affects the joints, CBD creams and other topicals are likely to produce better results.

CBD’s promise as an antidepressant
Cannabinoid research is providing genuine hope for antidepressant researchers, after decades of stagnation in medication development. The current situation with depression medicine is far from ideal, with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) slow to show benefits – for up to 40 percent of patients, these drugs may not even work at all. And then there are the side effects to contend with, which range from drowsiness to impotence. Depersonalization and derealization have also been anecdotally reported with SSRIs.

However, a glut of promising studies on CBD and the brain have found that the ECS could be important in correcting off-balance brain chemistry. The CB1 receptor modulates many variables, mood being one, and the bond between anandamide and this receptor is important for good mental wellbeing. Factors outside of the ECS also affect mood, but the potency of anandamide as an antidepressant makes the link with the CB1 receptor an essential one.

Some of the most exciting research on cannabinoids has been on their neuroprotective and neurogenesis properties. Studies on the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex and cannabinoid treatments, which are associated with depression, have demonstrated that CBD is able to repair these regions of the brain, by restoring neuronal circuitry and helping to form new brain cells.

A 2018 study on rats carried out in Brazil showed that CBD was effective from the first treatment and for up to seven days after the last dose at blocking synaptic proteins which damage neuronal circuitry in the prefrontal cortex. Meanwhile, CBD-initiated neurogenesis in the hippocampus helps to regrow the brains of adult rats with depression. These results have not yet been replicated in humans, but rats are used for such studies because their brains are similar to humans. General memories and our autobiographical memory are stored in the hippocampus.

The only CBD products that aren’t suitable for managing depression are topicals, as the cannabinoids remain in the skin, and do not reach the brain.